A Comparative Review on Problem-& Project-based Learning and Applied Method for Engineering Education

공학교육에서 문제 및 프로젝트기반학습의 비교 고찰과 적용 방안

  • Received : 2015.02.04
  • Accepted : 2015.03.09
  • Published : 2015.03.31

Abstract

Despite its ineffectiveness, the dominant pedagogy for engineering education is still "chalk & talk". Meanwhile, student-centered learning models have been highlighted for strong communication, teamwork skills, deep understanding and analysis on social, environmental and economic issues as well as application of their engineering knowledge in practice. Among others, on problem- and project-based learning, this article examines theoretical background and detailed features and a comparison between both learning models including common and different features from the previous theoretical and empirical studies. It reviews some cases of where they have been practiced successfully in engineering, and further, applied strategies for engineering education are suggested.

Keywords

Student-centered Learning;Problem-based Learning (PmBL);Project-based Learning (PtBL);Engineering Education

References

  1. 강소연, 조형희, 홍종일, 김의준,& 박성은(2005). 공학교육에서의 PBL 수업의 효과 연구. 공학교육연구, 8(2): 24-34.
  2. 권순각, 김성우, 박유현(2013). 지속적인 기업체 연계 프로젝트 기반의 캡스톤 설계 운영시스템. 공학교육연구, 16(3): 61-68.
  3. 김문수(2011). 문제기반학습모형에 근거한 공학회계의 웹기반 실습시스템 개발. 공학교육연구, 14(1): 55-63.
  4. 김웅섭(2010). 프로그램 학습성과 향상을 위한 형성평가 중심캡스톤 디자인 교과목 설계. 공학교육연구, 13(1): 62-69.
  5. 대한산업공학회(2006) 국내외 사례연구와 직무분점을 통한 창의적 공학교육 체계 및 교과내용 개발. 산업공학을 중심으로, 학술진흥재단.
  6. 이준희(2008). 학습자간의 상호작용 증진을 위한 웹기반 문제 중심학습 시스템 설계 및 구현. 컴퓨터교육학회논문지, 11(3): 57-65.
  7. 이종수, 민병권, 윤웅섭, 한재원, 정효일(2008). 체험학습기반의 기초 창의공학설계 교육 및 운영. 공학교육연구, 11(2): 32-41.
  8. 이태식, 전영준, 이동욱, 장병철(2009). 공과대학 캡스톤 디자인(창의적 공학설계) 교육과정 운영실태 및 학습 만족도 조사. 공학교육연구, 12(2): 36-50.
  9. 신민희(2009). PBL 수업에서 공과대학 학생들의 자기효능감 수준에 따른 문제해결 능력 차이. 한국공학교육학회, 12(4): 30-37.
  10. 신소영, 강명희(2009). e-PBL의 학업성취도에 대한 학습자 성취목표, 보상구조, 귀인피드백의 예측력 규명. 교육의 이론과 실전, 14(3): 49-74.
  11. 이희원, 김성환, 박근, 김정엽(2010). 캡스톤디자인 교과목 기반의 프로그램 학습성과 평가 연구. 공학교육연구 13(6): 143-151.
  12. 장용철, 김건국, 김민철(2013). 창의설계입문의 PBL(Problem-Based Learning) 적용: 충남대학교 환경공학분야 사례. 공학교육연구, 16(2): 78-85.
  13. 지해성(2013). 학제간 팀별 설계프로젝트 기반 산학공동 공학설계교육. 공학교육연구, 16(3): 51-60.
  14. 진성희, 신수봉(2013). 공과대학 융합교육에 대한 사례조사 및 요구분석. 공학교육연구, 16(6):29-37.
  15. 최유현(2005). 창의적 공학교육을 위한 문제중심학습(PBL)의 모형과 절차의 탐색. 공학교육연구, 8(1): 99-112.
  16. 홍성조(2013). 산업공학 교과과정 이수체계에 관한 연구. 공학교육연구, 16(6): 78-86.
  17. 황성호, 권오채, 김용세(2005). 기계공학에서의 PBL적용 교과과정 개발: 제품해체 설계추론. 공학교육연구, 8(1): 20-30.
  18. 황순희(2011). PBL 기반 <토의> 수업 모형의 구현과 평가: 부산대학교 수업개발 사례를 중심으로. 공학교육연구, 14(4):88-96.
  19. 황재인, 신재한(2012). PBL기반 정보통신윤리교육 수업자료 개발 및 적용. 한국컴퓨터교육학회논문지, 15, 33-41.
  20. Barrows, H.S., and Tamblyn, R.(1980). Problem-based learning: an approach to medical education, New York: Springer.
  21. Bedard, D., Lison, C., Dalle, D., Cote, D., and Boutin, N.(2012). Problem-based and project-based learning in engineering and medicine: determinants of students' engagement and persistence. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based learning, 6(2): 7-30.
  22. Boud, D., and Feletti, G.(1997). The challenge of problem-based learning 2nd ed., London: Kogan Page.
  23. Brooks, J.G., and Brooks, M.G.(1993). In search of understanding: The case lor constructivist classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association of Supervision and Curriculum Development.
  24. Bruner, J.S.(1961). The act of discovery. Harvard Educational Review, 31(1).
  25. Dahlgren, M.A.(2003). PBL through the looking-glass: comparing applications in computer engineering, psychology and physiotherapy. International Journal of Engineering Education, 19(5): 672-681.
  26. Duch, B.J., Groh, S.E., and Allen, D.E.(2001). The power of problem-based learning, Sterling, Virginia: Stylus.
  27. Gavin, K.(2011). Case study of a project-based learning course in civil engineering design. European Journal of Engineering Education, 36(6): 547-558. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2011.624173
  28. Graaff, E.D., and Kolmos, A. (2003). Characteristics of problem-based learning. International Journal of Engineering Education, 19(5):657-662.
  29. Graaff, E.D., and Kolmos, A.(2007). History of problem-based and project-based learning. In: Graaff, E.D. and Kolmos, A. eds. Management of change: implementation of problem-based and project-based learning in engineering. Rotterdam: SENSE Publisher, 1-8.
  30. Hadgraft, R.(1998). Problem-based learning: a vital step towards a new work environment. International Journal of Engineering Education, 14(1): 14-23.
  31. Hanna, A.S. and Sullivan, K.T.(2005). Bridging the gap between academics and practice: a capstone design experience. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 131(1): 59-62. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1052-3928(2005)131:1(59)
  32. Heitmann, G.(1996). Project-oriented study and project-organized curricula: A brief review of intentions and solutions. European Journal of Engineering Education 21(2): 121-131. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043799608923395
  33. Herreid, C.F.(1997). What is a case? Journal of College Science Teaching, 27(2): 92-94.
  34. Howe, S., and Willbarger, J.(2006). 2005 National survey of engineering capstone design course. 2006 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition. Chicago, US.
  35. Hotaling, N., Fasse, B.B., Bost, B.F., Hermann, C.D., and Forest, C.R. (2012). A Quantitative Analysis of the Effects of a Multidisciplinary Engineering Capstone Design Course. Journal of Engineering Education, 101(4): 630-656. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2012.tb01122.x
  36. Jamison, A., Kolmos, A., and Holgaard, J.E.(2014). Hybrid learning: an integrative approach to engineering education. Journal of Engineering Education, 103(2): 253-273. https://doi.org/10.1002/jee.20041
  37. Jonassen, D.H.(1997). Instructional design models for well-structured and ill-structured problem solving learning outcomes. Educational Technology, Research and Development, 45(1): 65-94.
  38. Jonassen, D.H.(2000). Towards a design theory of problem solving learning outcomes. Educational Technology, Research and Development, 48(4): 63-85.
  39. Kim, J.(2012). An ill-structured PBL-based microprocessor course without formal laboratory. IEEE Transaction on Education, 55(1): 145-153. https://doi.org/10.1109/TE.2011.2156797
  40. Kolmos, A. and Graaff, E.D.(2007). Process of changing to PBL. In: Graaff, E.D. and Kolmos, A. eds. Management of change: implementation of problem-based and project-based learning in engineering. Rotterdam: SENSE Publisher, 31-44.
  41. Laxman, K.(2010). A conceptual framework mapping the application of information search strategies to well and ill-structured problem solving. Computers & Education, 55(2):5 513-526.
  42. Lehmann, M., Christensen, P., Du, X., and Thrane, M.(2008). Problem-oriented and project-based learning (POPBL) as an innovative learning strategy for sustainable development in engineering education. European Journal of Engineering Education, 33(3): 283-295. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043790802088566
  43. Lohman, M.(2002). Cultivating problem-solving skills through problem-based approaches to professional development," Human Resource Development Quarterly, 13(3): 2.
  44. Lundeberg, M., Levin, B., and Harrington, H.(1999). Who learns what from cases and how? The research base for teaching and learning with cases, Mahwah, NewJersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
  45. Lynn, Jr., L.E.(1999). Teaching and learning with cases, NewYork: Chatham House Publishers.
  46. Maskell, D.L. and Grabau, P.J.(1998). A Multidisciplinary Cooperative Problem-Based Learning Approach to Embedded Systems Design. IEEE Transactions on Education, 41(2): 101-103. https://doi.org/10.1109/13.669718
  47. Mantri, A., Dutt, S., Gupta, J.P., and Chitkara, M.(2008). Design and evaluation of a PBL-based course in analog electronics. IEEE Transaction on Education, 51(4): 432-438. https://doi.org/10.1109/TE.2007.912525
  48. Mantri, A., Dutt, S., Gupta, J.P., and Chitkara, M.(2009). Using PBL to deliver course in Digital Electronics. Advances in Engineering Education, 1-17.
  49. Mitchell, J.E., Canavan, B., and Smith J.(2010). Problem-based learning in communication systerns: student perceptions and achievement. IEEE Transactions on Education, 53(4): 587-594. https://doi.org/10.1109/TE.2009.2036158
  50. Mills, J.E., Treagust, D.F.(2003). Engineering education Is problem-based and project-based learning the answer? Australasian Journal of Engineering Education, 7(1): 2-16.
  51. Montero, E., Gonzalez, M.J.(2009). Student Engagement in a Structured Problem-Based Approach to learning: A First-Year Electronic Engineering Study Module on Heat Transfer. IEEE Transactions on Education, 52(2): 214-221. https://doi.org/10.1109/TE.2008.924219
  52. Palmer, S., Hall, W.(2011). An evaluation of a project-based learning initiative in engineering education. European Journal of Engineering Education, 36(4): 357-365. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2011.593095
  53. Perrenet, J.C., Bouhuijs, P.A.J., and Smits, J.G.M.M. (2000). The suitability of problem-based learning for engineering education: theory and practice. Teaching in Higher Education, 5(3): 346-358.
  54. Prince, M.J., Felder, R.M.(2006). Inductive teaching and learning methods: definitions, comparisons, and research bases. Journal of Engineering Education, 95(2): 123-138. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2006.tb00884.x
  55. Ricards, L.G., Gorman, M., Scherer, W.T., and Landel, R.D.(1995). Promoting active learning with cases and instructional modules," Journal of Engineering Education, 84(4): 375-381. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.1995.tb00193.x
  56. Rubin, S.(1996). Evaluation and Meta-Analysis of selected research related to the laboratory component of beginning college level science, Ph.D. dissertation. Temple University.
  57. Said, S.M., Adikan, F.R., Mekhilef, S., and Rahim N.A.(2005). Implementation of the problem- based learning approach in the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Malaya. European Journal of Engineering Education, 30(1): 129-136. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043790512331313895
  58. Savery, J.R.(2006). Overview of problem-based learning: definitions and distinctions. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based learning, 1(1): 9-20.
  59. Savin-Baden, M., and Major, C.H.(2004). Foundations of problem-based learning. Birkshire, England: The Society for Research into Higher Education & Open University Press.
  60. Savin-Badedn, M. (2007). Challenging models and perspectives of problem-based learning. In: Graaff, E.D. and Kolmos, A. eds. Management of change: implementation of problem-based and project-based learning in engineering. Rotterdam: SENSE Publisher, 9-29.
  61. Shymansky, J., Hedges, L., and Woodworth, G.(1990). A reassessment of the effects of inquiry-based science curricula of the 60's on student performance, Journal of Research in Science and Teaching, 27A(2): 127-144
  62. Smith, D. (1996). A meta-analysis of student outcomes attributable to the teaching of science as inquiry as compared to traditional methodology, Ph.D. dissertation. Temple University, Department of Education.
  63. Tan, O.S., Little, P., Hee, S.Y., and Conway, J., (Eds.).(2000). Problem-based learning: educational innovation across disciplines, Singapore: Temasek Centre for Problem Based learning.
  64. Todd, R. H., Sorensen, C. D., & Magleby, S. P.(1993). Designing a senior capstone course to satisfy industrial customers. Journal of Engineering Education, 82(2): 92-100. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.1993.tb00082.x
  65. Tooker, G.(1992). Real world 101: What some engineers in industry want your students, and you to know. ASEE Prism, October, 19-22.
  66. Wessel. D.(2005). Building a better engineer. Wall Street Journal, 20, B1.
  67. Woods, D. R., Hrymak, A.N., Marshall, R.R., Wood, P.E., Crowe, C.M., Hoffman, T.W., Wright, J.D., Taylor, P.A., Woodhouse, K.A., & Bouchard, C.G.K.(1997). Developing problem solving skills: The McMaster problem solving program. Journal of Engineering Education, 86(20): 75-91. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.1997.tb00270.x

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단