DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Family Cultural Socialization Practices among International Adoptive Families

  • Lee, Jaegoo
  • Received : 2015.01.16
  • Accepted : 2015.05.22
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

Within the field of international adoption, little research has examined the involvement of fathers in cultural socialization practices. Using secondary data analysis with a sample of 332 international adoptive fathers and mothers, the present study examined international adoptive fathers' cultural socialization practices and compared these practices with those of international adoptive mothers. The results indicated that 1) family cultural socialization practices mainly engaged in by fathers were those that require little to no integration with people of the children's race and/or ethnicity, and 2) fathers' awareness or practices were found to be similar to those of mothers. This study illustrates the importance of continuing research on fathers' beliefs, attitudes, and practices in relation to the race and birth culture of their internationally adopted children.

Keywords

International adoption;fathers' awareness and involvement;cultural socialization practices

References

  1. Berbery, M., & O'Brien, K. (2011). Predictors of white adoptive parents'cultural racial socialization behaviors with their Asian adopted children. Adoption Quarterly, 14(4), 284-304. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926755.2011.628265
  2. Bebiroglu, N., & Pinderhughes, E. E., (2012). Mothers raising daughters: New complexities in cultural socialization for children adopted from China. Adoption Quarterly, 15(2), 116-139. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926755.2012.681596
  3. Bergquist, K. J. S., Campbell, M. E., & Unrau, Y. A. (2003). Caucasian parents and Korean adoptees: A survey of parents' perceptions. Adoption Quarterly, 6(4), 41-58. https://doi.org/10.1300/J145v06n04_03
  4. Bramlett, M. D., & Radel, L. F. (2010). The National Survey of Adoptive Parents: An introduction to the special issue of Adoption Quarterly. Adoption Quarterly, 13(3-4), 147-156. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926755.2010.524870
  5. Cho, B., Han, S., & Lee, J. (2005). A study on Korean-Chinese Children's Acculturation and Adjustment to the Mainstream Society. International Journal of Human Ecology, 6(1), 87-102.
  6. Cho, B., & Lee, J. (2007). Generational differences in ethnicity maintenance of Korean-Chinese Ethnic Minority. International Journal of Human Ecology, 8(1), 95-107.
  7. Crolley-Simic, J., & Vonk, M. E. (2008). Racial socialization practices of White mothers of international transracial adoptees. Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 17(3), 301-318. https://doi.org/10.1080/15313200802258257
  8. Crolley-Simic, J., & Vonk, M. E. (2011). White international transracial adoptive mothers'reflections on race. Child and Family Social Work, 16(2), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2206.2010.00699.x
  9. Friedlander, M. L. (1999). Ethnic identity development of internationally adopted children and adolescents: Implications for family therapists. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 25(1), 43-60. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.1999.tb01109.x
  10. Johnston, K. E., Swim, J. K, Saltsman, B. M., Deater-Deckard, K., & Petrill, S. A. (2007). Mothers'racial, ethnic, and cultural socialization of transracially adopted Asian children. Family Relations, 56(4), 390-402. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3729.2007.00468.x
  11. Kwon, Y. (2012). Always learning from each other cultural identity development in two generations of Korean immigrant fathers. International Journal of Human Ecology, 13(1), 89-103. https://doi.org/10.6115/ijhe.2012.13.1.89
  12. Lee, J., Vonk, M. E., & Crolley-Simic, J. (2015). A Model of factors related to cultural and racial socialization among transracial adoptive parents. Families in Society: Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 96(2), 141-147. https://doi.org/10.1606/1044-3894.2015.96.14
  13. Lee, R. M., Grotevant, H. D., Hellerstedt, W. L., Gunnar, M. R., & the Minnesota International Adoption Project Team. (2006). Cultural socialization in families with internationally adopted children. Journal of Family Psychology, 20(4), 571-580. https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-3200.20.4.571
  14. Massatti, R. R., Vonk, M. E., & Gregoire, T. K. (2004). Reliability and validity of the Transracial Adoption Parenting Scale. Research on Social Work Practice, 14(1), 43-50 https://doi.org/10.1177/1049731503257807
  15. McRoy, R. G., Zurcher, L. A., Lauderdale, M. L., & Anderson, R. E. (1984). The identity of transracial adoptees. Social Casework: The Journal of Contemporary Social Work, 65(1), 34-39.
  16. McGinnis, H., Livingston, S., Ryan, S., & Howard, J. A. (2009, November). Beyond cultural camp: Promoting healthy identity formation in adoption. New York, NY: Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute. Retrieved from http://adoptioninstitute.org/old/publications/2009_11_BeyondCultureCamp.pdf
  17. Paulsen, C., & Merighi, J. R. (2009). Adoption preparedness, cultural engagement, and parental satisfaction in intercountry adoption. Adoption Quarterly, 12(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926750902791540
  18. Rojewski, J. W., & Rojewski, J. L. (2001). Intercountry adoption from China: Examining cultural heritage and other postadoption issues. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey.
  19. Rojewski, J. W. (2005). A typical American family? How adoptive families acknowledge and incorporate Chinese cultural heritage in their lives. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 22(2), 133-164. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10560-005-3415-x
  20. Scroggs, P. H., & Heitfield, H. (2001). International adopters and their children: Birth culture ties. Gender Issues, 19(4), 3-30.
  21. Shiao, J. L., & Tuan, M. H. (2008). Korean adoptees and the social context of ethnic exploration. American Journal of Sociology, 113(4), 1023-1066. https://doi.org/10.1086/522807
  22. Simon, R. J. & Alstein, H. (1992). Adoption, race, and identity. Westport, CT: Praeger.
  23. Song, S. L., & Lee, R. M. (2009). The past and present cultural experiences of adopted Korean American adults. Adoption Quarterly, 12(1), 19-36. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926750902791946
  24. Thomas, K. A., & Tessler, R. C. (2007). Bicultural socialization among adopted families: Where there is a will, there is a way. Journal of Family Issues, 28(9), 1189-1219. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X07301115
  25. U.S. Department of State (March 31, 2015). Intercountry Adoption. Retrieved from http://travel.state.gov/content/dam/aa/pdfs/fy2014_annual_report.pdf
  26. Vashchenko, M., D'Aleo, M., & Pinderhughes, E. E. (2011). "Just beyond my front door": Public discourse experiences of children adopted from China. American Journal of Community Psychology, 49(1-2), 246-257.
  27. Vonk, M. E. (2001). Cultural competence for transracial adoptive parents. Social Work, 46(3), 24-255.
  28. Vonk, M. E., & Massatti, R. R. (2008). Factors related to transracial adoptive parents'levels of cultural competence. Adoption Quarterly, 11(3), 204-226. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926750802421966
  29. Vonk, M. E., Yun, S. H., Park, W., & Massatti, R. R. (2007). Transracial adoptive parents'thoughts about the importance of race and culture in parenting. In K. J. S. Bergquist, M. E. Vonk, D. S., Kim, & M. D. Feit (Eds.). International Korean adoption: A Fiftyyear History of Policy and Practice (pp. 22-33). Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Press.