- Volume 16 Issue 1
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Does Today's Parental Intimacy Predict Tomorrow's Peer Interaction in Daily Lives of Korean Adolescents?: A Mediating Role of Daily Self-Evaluation
Chung, Grace H.;Yoo, Joan P.;Lee, Sang-Gyun
- Received : 2015.03.29
- Accepted : 2015.05.18
- Published : 2015.06.30
The primary purpose of this study was to examine to what extent adolescents' daily self-evaluation mediates the effect of experiencing intimacy in parent-adolescent interactions on positive peer interactions the next day, even after controlling for gender and grade level. We employed a daily diary method for seven days in a sample of 452 Korean adolescents, collecting checklist data at the end of each day. Data were analyzed by using hierarchical linear modeling. According to moderated multilevel mediation analyses, the variance of self-evaluation explained 83% of the variance in the lagged effect of parental intimacy on the next day peer interaction even after the upper-level effects of gender and grade level were accounted for. Forth graders were more likely than 7th graders to have a more positive view of themselves when they experienced parental intimacy the previous day. Girls were less likely to experience positive peer interactions when they perceived less intimacy with their parents the day before. Results suggested that it would be most effective for peer relationship programs to teach parents and adolescents how to experience intimacy in their daily interactions, particularly in ways that help adolescents to think more positively about themselves. It would be helpful for parents to learn about various ways to compliment and encourage the adolescent child in everyday conversations. Lastly, findings in grade level differences also suggest that these programs might be especially effective for 4th graders more than 7th graders.
Parental intimacy;peer interaction;daily self-evaluation;multilevel;mediation
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Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea