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The synergistic solvent extraction effect of europium and yttrium using the hexanoic acid -crown ether system

Hexanoic acid - crown ether system을 이용한 europium과 yttrium의 용매추출효과의 향상

  • Sim, Dea-Seon (Korea Research Institutue of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Han, Hye-Rim (Korea Research Institutue of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Kim, Se-Mi (Korea Research Institutue of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Hoon (Korea Research Institutue of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Kim, Young-Wun (Korea Research Institutue of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Jeong, Noh-Hee (Department of Industrial Engineering Chemistry, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kang, Ho-Cheol (Korea Research Institutue of Chemical Technology)
  • Received : 2015.03.05
  • Accepted : 2015.03.25
  • Published : 2015.03.30

Abstract

The synergistic solvent extraction of rare earth elements such as europium and yttrium has been investigated by the extractant with crown ether as an additive. Macrocyclic ligand as host-guest compounds form more stable complexes with metal ions which have the similar size of the cavity of crown ether. In our previous study[14] founded that the extraction used fatty acid of the various alkyl chain length. Based on the results of the previous experiment, the synergistic separation effect of two metals investigated that the hexanoic acid had was the worst extraction effect which added a crown ether such as 18-crown-6 ether, 15-crown-5 ether, and 12-crown-4 ether. In this study, the concentrations of hexanoic acid have showed the separation effect, and then the concentrations and kind of crown ether are performed for synergistic extraction at the hexanoic acid concentration of the highest separation effect. As a results, the separation rate is the highest value of 1.72 at 0.05 M hexanoic acid, and 0.002M 15-crown-5 ether is the best value in other concentrations and kind of crown ether, it is about twice of using only hexanoic acid. Moreover, the extraction species of two metals has been founded $MLR_3{\cdot}3RH$ form when added the crown ether.

용매추출법에서 희토류 금속을 효과적으로 분리하기 위해 추출제만 사용하는 것이 아니라 crown ether와 같은 첨가제를 이용하는 연구를 하였다. Host-guest 화합물인 macrocyclic ligand는 금속과 착화물을 형성하는데, 이 때 crown ether의 cavity 크기와 비슷한 크기의 금속 이온들과 안정한 착화물을 형성한다. 이전 연구에서 europium과 yttrium을 분리하기 위해 여러 사슬 길이의 지방산 추출제를 이용한 추출실험을 행하였었다. 이를 토대로 분리효율이 좋지 않았던 hexanoic acid에 크기가 다른 crown ether (18-crown-6 ether, 15-crown-5 ether, 12-crown-4 ether)를 첨가하여 분리효과가 증가하는 것을 연구하였다. hexanoic acid의 농도별로 분리효율을 본 후 가장 분리 효율이 좋은 농도에서 crown ether를 종류와 농도를 다르게 하여 첨가하였다. 그 결과 0.05 M hexanoic acid에서 분리능이 1.72으로 가장 높게 나타났고, crown ether를 첨가하였을 시 분리능이 0.002 M 15-crown-5 ether에서 가장 높게 나왔으며 기존의 분리능보다 2배 이상 더 높았다. 또한 crown ether를 첨가하였을 때 두 금속이 $MLR_3{\cdot}3RH$의 형태로 추출되는 것도 확인 할 수 있었다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 산업통상자원부

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