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Characterization of an antioxidant peptide from katsuobushi (dried bonito) protein hydrolysates

  • Lee, Jung Kwon ;
  • Jeon, Joong-Kyun ;
  • Byun, Hee-Guk
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

The objective of the current study was to evaluate the inhibitory and antioxidant activities of powdered katsuobushi (dried bonito) protein hydrolysates and their corresponding fractions. The powdered katsuobushi (dried bonito) hydrolysates were obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis using Alcalase, ${\alpha}$-chymotrypsin, Neutrase, pepsin, papain, and trypsin. The antioxidant efficacy of the respective hydrolysates were evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hydroxyl, superoxide, and alkyl radical-scavenging activities. Among the hydrolysates, the peptic-derived hydrolysate exhibited the highest antioxidant activity compared to other enzymatic hydrolysates. Therefore, the peptic-derived hydrolysate was further analyzed, and was found to contain an active peptide with an amino acid sequence identified as Pro-Met-Pro-Leu-Asn-Ser-Cys (756 Da). The purified peptides from powdered katsuobushi (dried bonito) had an $EC_{50}$ value of $105.82{\mu}M$, and exhibited an inhibitory effect against DNA oxidation induced by hydroxyl radicals. Taken together, these results suggests that powdered katsuobushi (dried bonito) could be used as a natural antioxidant in functional foods and prevent oxidation reactions in food processing.

Keywords

Antioxidant;DPPH radical scavenging;Peptide;Electron spin resonance spectrometry;Powdered katsuobushi (dried bonito)

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Acknowledgement

Grant : 해양바이오 지역특화 선도기술 개발(동해안 해양생물자원 유래의 기능성 생물소재 개발)