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Spatial Assessment of Effects of Near-Stream Groundwater Pumping on Streamflow Depletion

하천변 지하수 양수로 인한 하천수 감소 영향의 공간적 평가 - 죽산천 유역을 중심으로 -

  • Lee, Jeongwoo (Dept. of Hydro-Science, Korea Institute of Civil engineering and building Technology) ;
  • Kim, Nam Won (Dept. of Hydro-Science, Korea Institute of Civil engineering and building Technology) ;
  • Chung, Il Moon (Dept. of Hydro-Science, Korea Institute of Civil engineering and building Technology) ;
  • Lee, Min Ho (Han River Flood Control Office)
  • 이정우 (한국건설기술연구원 수자원연구실) ;
  • 김남원 (한국건설기술연구원 수자원연구실) ;
  • 정일문 (한국건설기술연구원 수자원연구실) ;
  • 이민호 (한강홍수통제소 하천정보센터)
  • Received : 2015.04.10
  • Accepted : 2015.05.18
  • Published : 2015.07.31

Abstract

The objective of this study is to spatially assess the streamflow depletion due to groundwater pumping near the main stream of Juksanchoen watershed. The surface water and groundwater integrated model, SWAT-MODFLOW, in this study, was used to simulate streamflow responses to each groundwater pumping from wells located within 500m from the stream. The simulated results showed that the streamflow depletion rate divided by the pumping rate for each well location ranges from 20% to 96%. In particular, the streamflow depletion exceeds 60% of pumping rate if the distance between stream and well is lower than 100 m, hydraulic diffusivity is higher than $500m^2/d$, and streambed hydraulic conductance is above 25m/d. The simulated results were also presented in the form of spatial distribution maps that indicate the fraction of the well pumping rate in order to show the effect of a single well more comprehensively and easily. From the developed areal distribution of stream depletion, higher and more rapid responses to pumping occur near middle-downstream reach, and the spatially averaged percent depletion is about 66.7% for five years of pumping. The streamflow depletion map can provide objective information for the near-stream groundwater permission and management.

본 연구에서는 죽산천 주변 지역에 대해 지하수 양수에 따른 하천수 감소 영향을 공간적으로 분석하였다. 하천 주변 500 m 이내에 위치한 지하수 관정 각각에 대해 지표수-지하수 결합모형 SWAT-MODFLOW를 이용하여 양수 후 하천수 감소량을 반복적으로 모의하였다. 모의 결과, 양수량 대비 하천수 감소율이 20~96%의 범위로 큰 차이를 보였으며, 특히, 하천과 관정간 이격거리가 100 m 이내, 수리확산 계수가 $500m^2/d$ 초과, 하천바닥층 수리전도성이 25 m/d를 초과한 경우에 양수량 대비 하천수 감소율이 60%를 넘어 양수 영향이 큰 것으로 분석되었다. 지하수 관정의 공간적인 위치에 따른 하천수 감소 영향을 정량적으로 쉽게 파악할 수 있도록 관정 위치별 하천수 감소량을 양수량 대비 퍼센트 값을 가지는 등치선 곡선으로 나타내었다. 죽산천 중하류구간 주변지역이 상류지역에 비해 지하수 양수로 인한 영향이 단기간에 크게 하천에 도달하였으며, 양수기간 5년 동안 평균적으로 약 66.7%의 하천수 감소율이 발생하는 것으로 분석되었다. 하천수량에 미치는 지하수 양수 영향을 공간적으로 표출함으로써 하천변 지하수 허가 관리에 있어 객관적인 정보로 활용할 수 있을 것이다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Grant : 하천변 지하수 이용에 따른 영향권 설정 방안 연구

Supported by : 한강홍수통제소

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