- Volume 3 Issue 1
The present study aims to the use of carboxymenthyl cellulose (CMC) improving the ability of fiber in the dyeing process. Cellulose was extracted from banana leaves by NaOH and then modified by reacting with chloroacetic acid to obtain the carboxymenthyl cellulose. The effect of carboxymenthyl cellulose contents on the mechanical properties and dye absorption were also investigated. Then, CMC were blend with polypropylene (grade 561R) at 1%, 3% and 5% by weight ratio. The fibers were obtained from single screw extruder. The results show that the mechanical properties of the product decreased when increased the amount of CMC in the fiber product. After dyeing, the dye however were absorbed by the CMC-PP fibers more than the original PP fibers. The absorption of dye on the CMC-PP fibers increased significantly with the CMC ratio.
Banana leaves;carboxymenthyl cellulose;PP fiber and dyeing
- P.Rachtanapun, et al., "Production of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) film from papaya peels and its mechanical properties," in Proceedings of the 45th Kasetsart University Annual Conference, Kasetsart.
- Bono, A., et al., "Synthesis and Characterization of Carboxymethyl Cellulose from Palm Kernel Cake," Advances in Natural and Applied Science, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 5-11, 2009.
- Rachtanapuna, P., et al., "Carboxymethyl cellulose film from durian rind," LWT - Food Science and Technology, Vol. 48, No. 1, pp. 52-58, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2012.02.029
- Rachtanapun, P., N. Mulkarat, and N. Pintajam, "Effect of sodium hydroxide concentration on mechanical properties of carboxymethylcellulose films from waste of mulberry paper," in In 5th international packaging congress and exhibition, Izmir, Turkey, 2007.
- Baar, A. and K.W. Mulicke, "Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic characterization of carboxymethyl cellulose," Macromolecular Cellular Physics, Vol. 195, pp. 1483-1492, 1994. https://doi.org/10.1002/macp.1994.021950503
- Kamide, K., et al., "Effect of the distribution of substitution of the sodium salt of carboxymethyl cellulose on its absorbency toward aqueous liquid," Polymer Journal, Vol. 17, pp. 909-918, 1985. https://doi.org/10.1295/polymj.17.909
- Reuben, J. and H.T. Conner, "Analysis of the carbon-13 NMR spectrum of hydrolyzed O-(carboxymethyl)cellulose: monomer composition and substitution patterns," Carbohydrate research, Vol. 115, pp. 1-13, 1983. https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-6215(83)88129-4
- Reddy, K.S., et al., "Miscibility Studies of Sodium Carboxy methyl Cellulose/ Poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) blends in Dilute Solutions and Solid State," Advances in Polymer Science and Technology: An International Journal, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 42-48, 2013.
- Boursier, B., G. Bussiere, and M. Hughette, Sugarless Hard Candy, 1985.
- Koyama, T., Hair Permanent Wave Lotions Containing Carboxymethylcellulose Salts as Thickening Agents, 1988.
- Gayrish, G.A., et al., Carboxymethylcellulose Urea Resin Blend Adhesives, 1989.
- Soper, J.C., Oily, Free-flowing, Microcapsules, Comprising Grafted and Cross-Linked Gelatin-CMC Wall Material, 1991.
- Leupin, J.A. and E.P. Gosselink, Laundry Detergent Compositions with Cellulosic Polymers as Additives for Improving Appearance and Integrity of Laundered Fabrics, 1999.
- Pushpamalar, V., et al., "Optimization of reaction conditions for preparing carboxymethyl cellulose from sago waste," Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 64, pp. 312-318, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2005.12.003
- Hongli Li, et al., "Concomitant degradation in periodate oxidation of carboxymethyl cellulose," Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 84, pp. 881-886, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2010.12.026
- Kinnersly-Taylor, J., Dyeing and Screen-Printing on Textiles: Revised and updated 2 ed.: A&C Black, 2012.
- A . M ukhtar, Polypropylene Fibers, New York: Elsevier Science Publishing Company Inc, 1982.
- W . Washino, Funtional Fibers: Trends in Technology and Product Development in Japan, Toray Research Center Inc., 1993 Japan.
Shim, J.J., et al., "Dyeing of polyester, aramid and polypropylene fibers in supercritical
$CO_2$," in The 6 th ISSF 2003, 2003.
- Report, T.S., The ability to dye polypropylene fibers using conventional disperse dyes makes the fibers more attractive for apparel end-uses, September/October 2006.
- D.R. Biswal and R.P. Singh, "Characterisation of carboxymethyl cellulose and polyacrylamide graft copolymer," Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 57, No. 4, pp. 379-387, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2004.04.020
- Thermal Properties, Structure, and Dye Absorption Ability of Carboxymethyl Cellulose/PP Composite Fibers vol.728, 2017, https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.728.289