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Changes of Meat Quality and Antioxidation Activity in the Loin and Ham of Korean Native Black Pigs during Frozen Storage

재래흑돼지고기의 냉동저장기간 동안의 품질 및 항산화 특성 변화

Gil, Juae;Kim, Dongwook;Kim, Hee-Jin;Yoon, Ji-Yeol;Pak, Jae-In;Park, Beom-Young;Ham, Jun-Sang;Jang, Aera
길주애;김동욱;김희진;윤지열;박재인;박범영;함준상;장애라

  • Received : 2015.05.01
  • Accepted : 2015.06.29
  • Published : 2015.07.30

Abstract

This study was carried out to evaluate changes in the meat quality and antioxidation activity in the loin and ham of Korean Native Black Pigs (KNBP) during frozen storage at −18℃ for 150 days. The pH value of the loin was decreased as storage days progressed, while the pH value of the ham showed no consistent changes with storage days. The lightness (L*) of the loin did not show any significant reduction until day 120, whereas L* of the ham was significantly declined throughout the storage period (p<0.05). The redness (a*) values of the loin and ham were significantly decreased as storage progressed. The water holding capacity of the loin was decreased by day 30 and that value was maintained until the end of storage. The initial total numbers of microorganisms in the loin and ham were 4.88 and 5.16 Log CFU/g, respectively and these numbers were significantly decreased by day 30 (p<0.05). The levels of 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (a measurement of lipid oxidation) in the loin and ham ranged from 0.057-0.069 and 0.052-0.087 mg MDA/kg meat, respectively, until storage day 150. Volatile basic nitrogen values of the loin and ham ranged from 15.13-16.55 and 16.05-16.23 mg%. Oxygen radical absorbance capacities and carnosine contents of the loin and ham were significantly decreased during frozen storage for 3 months (p<0.05). In summary, the meat quality of the loin and ham from KNBP was somewhat decreased during frozen storage. However, the levels of antioxidants and dipeptides with antioxidant activity were significantly decreased in pork loin and ham during frozen storage.

Keywords

Antioxidation;carnosine;frozen storage;Korean Native Black Pigs (KNBP);quality

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