하이부쉬 블루베리의 품종별 화기 특성 및 형태적 관찰

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김수진;배강순;고상욱;김호철;김태춘
Kim, Su Jin;Bae, Kang Soon;Koh, Sang-Wook;Kim, Ho Cheol;Kim, Tae-Choon

  • 투고 : 2014.11.06
  • 심사 : 2015.03.16
  • 발행 : 2015.04.30

초록

국내 도입된 하이부쉬 블루베리의 품종 선발의 기초 자료로 활용하기 위하여 블루베리의 형태적 및 품종별 화기 특성에 관해 연구하였다. 블루베리의 수술의 형태를 보면 화사는 판형이었고 모용이 잘 발달되어 있으며, 개약 시 약벽이 열개되지 않고 돌출된 두 개의 관으로 꽃가루가 배출되어 독특하였다. 화분은 3월 하순경에 감수 분열된 후에 분리되지 않은 채로 성숙한 사분자 화분(tetrad pollen)이었다. 약당 사분자 화분립 수는 400~1,300개였으며, 화분립 수가 많은 품종이 발아율도 높은 편이었다. 블루베리의 암술은 5개의 심피로 구성되어 있으며, 화주는 갈라진 부분이 없이 하나였다. 자방당 배주 수는 39~67개 정도였으며, 각 품종별로 변이 계수가 11.6~31.0%로 큰 편이었다. ‘Bluejay’와 ‘Sharpblue’간의 자가 및 타가교배 결과 자가교배보다 타가교배에서 종자 형성률이 높았다.

키워드

Blueberry;Cross-pollination;Floral organ;Morphology;Self-pollination

참고문헌

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피인용 문헌

  1. 1. The Effect of Vigor of a Bearing Shoot in ‘Bluecrop’ Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) on Growth Characteristics of Shoots and Fruits vol.29, pp.5, 2016, doi:10.7732/kjpr.2015.28.2.235
  2. 2. Compositions and Contents Anthocyanins in Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) Varieties vol.35, pp.3, 2016, doi:10.7732/kjpr.2015.28.2.235