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Study of Behavior Characteristics of Impinging Spray of Emulsified Fuel

에멀젼연료 충돌분무의 거동특성에 관한 연구

  • 염정국 (동아대학교 기계공학과) ;
  • 김학민 (동아대학교 기계공학과)
  • Received : 2015.02.23
  • Accepted : 2015.06.16
  • Published : 2015.09.01

Abstract

In this study, to investigate the effect of spray behavior characteristics, we induce the mixing ratio of emulsified fuel using impinging spray. We formulate the emulsified fuel by mixing diesel and hydrogen peroxide($H_2O_2$). We set the temperature of the heating plate to $150^{\circ}C$, $200^{\circ}C$, and $250^{\circ}C$, and set the injection pressures to 400, 600, 800, and 1000bar. The surfactants for the emulsified fuel mixture, which were mixed span80 and tween80 was mixed as 9:1, were fixed to 3% of the total volume of the emulsified fuel. We set the mixing ratio of $H_2O_2$ in the emulsified fuel as emulsified fuel(EF)0, EF2, EF12, and EF22. Further, we visualize the evaporation impinging spray using the Schlieren method. Based on the results of this study, we found that a higher temperature and injection pressure of the heating plate impingement led to the active diffusion of the fuel vapor, which promoted emulsified fuel evaporation. When the emulsified fuel is utilized in an actual engine, because of the temperature-drop effect of the combustion chamber, which is due to the evaporation of $H_2O_2$ in fuel and faster mixture formation is expected to decrease the engine emissions.

Keywords

Emulsified Fuel;Impinging Spray;Oil in Water;Schlieren Method;Water in Oil

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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