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Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of seed oil plants of North-East India: A review

  • Saha, Priyanka ;
  • Talukdar, Anupam Das ;
  • Ningthoujam, Sanjoy Singh ;
  • Choudhury, Manabendra Dutta ;
  • Nath, Deepa ;
  • Nahar, Lutfun ;
  • Sarker, Satyajit Dey ;
  • Basar, Norazah
  • Received : 2015.05.08
  • Accepted : 2015.08.17
  • Published : 2015.08.31

Abstract

Apart from being used as food, seed oils have also been used traditionally as medicinal products by several communities. However, the full medicinal potential of many seed oil plants is yet to be properly reviewed, particularly for their antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. North-East India has rich resources of seed oil plants. The availability of detailed information on these plants is quite limited. This review aims to explore and evaluate these seed oil plants of the North-East India with particular emphasis on their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities as well as chemical compositions. A comprehensive literature search on seed oil plants of this region has been performed. Seed oil yielding plants of this region can be categorized into two categories: plants that are used traditionally as sources of edible or medicinal oils and plants that are used for purposes other than as sources of oils. Many seed oil plants of this region have been reported to possess antimicrobial and antioxidant properties, and to produce various types of compounds. This review also highlights the importance of these plants in contributing to the local as well as the national economy of India.

Keywords

antioxidant;antimicrobial;seed oil;chemical composition;North-East India;epidemiological study

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