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Characterization of composted chicken manures discharged from farms in South Korea

  • Nguyen, Xuan Phuc ;
  • Jho, Hoon ;
  • Jeong, Yeon-Jae ;
  • Jo, Young-Tae ;
  • Islam, Mohammad Nazrul ;
  • Park, Jeong-Hun
  • Received : 2015.06.05
  • Accepted : 2015.07.03
  • Published : 2015.09.30

Abstract

In this study, the characteristics as well as the maturity and stability of chicken manure collected from nine chicken farms in South Korea during the summer and winter seasons of 2014 are evaluated. The physicochemical parameter values of the manure, such as BOD, $NO_3-N$ and $PO_4-P$ etc. were determined using the Korea Standard test Method, HPLC, and APHA standard methods. The results showed that the alkalinity content and COD concentration in winter chicken manure were higher than those of summer chicken manure. The moisture content of summer manure was positively correlated with almost all of the other parameters of the manure, whereas it was negatively correlated with almost all of the other parameters in the winter manure. According to the criterion of C/N ratio, chicken manure indicated good quality compost. However, composted chicken manure showed immature and unstable compost when considering the criteria of the $NH_4-N/NO_3-N$ ratio and $NH_4-N$ concentrations.

Keywords

Chicken manure;Concentration;Correlation;Maturity;Stability

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