DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Optimal conditions for biological hydrogen production from food waste

  • Wongthanate, Jaruwan ;
  • Chinnacotpong, Kittibodee
  • Received : 2013.09.25
  • Accepted : 2015.02.06
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

Biohydrogen production from food waste via dark fermentation was conducted by using mixed culture under various environmental conditions (initial pH, initial F/M ratio, initial ferrous iron ($Fe^{2+}$), and temperature condition) in batch reactor. The results revealed that the maximum hydrogen yield of $46.19mL\;H_2/g\;COD_{add}$ was achieved at the optimal conditions (initial pH 8.0, initial F/M ratio 4.0, initial iron concentration 100 mg $FeSO_4/L$ and thermophilic condition ($55{\pm}1^{\circ}C$)). Furthermore, major volatile fatty acid (VFA) productions of butyrate (765.66 mg/L) and acetate (324.69 mg/L) were detected and COD removal efficiency was detected at 66.00%. Therefore, these optimal conditions could be recommended to operate a system.

Keywords

Biohydrogen production;Food waste;F/M ratio;Iron concentration;pH

References

  1. Mohan SV, Bhaskar YV, Krishna PM, Rao NC, Babu VL, Sarma PN. Biohydrogen production from chemical wastewater as substrate by selectively enriched anaerobic mixed consortia: Influence of fermentation pH and substrate composition. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2007;30:2286-2295.
  2. Nazlina HMY, Aini ARN, Ismail F, Yusof MZM, Hassan MA. Effect of different temperature, initial pH and substrate composition on biohydrogen production from food waste in batch fermentation. Asian J. Biotechnol. 2009;1:42-50. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajbkr.2009.42.50
  3. Wu JH, Lin CY. Biohydrogen production by mesophilic fermentation of food wastewater. Water Sci. Technol. 2004;49:223-228.
  4. Wang X, Zhang S, Wang J, Yu X, Lu X. Exploring optimal feed to microbes ratio for anaerobic acidogenic fermentation of cassava residue from brewery. BioRes. 2012;7:1111-1122.
  5. Yang P, Zhang R, McGarvey JA, Benemann JR. Biohydrogen production from cheese processing wastewater by anaerobic fermentation using mixed microbial communities. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2007;32:4761-4771. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.07.038
  6. Pan J, Zhang R, El-Mashad HM, Sun H, Ying Y. Effect of food to microorganism ratio on biohydrogen production from food waste via anaerobic fermentation. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2008;33:6968-6975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.07.130
  7. Yang H, J Shen. Effect of ferrous iron concentration on anaerobic bio-hydrogen production from soluble starch. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2006;31:2137-2146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2006.02.009
  8. Ding J, Ren NQ, Liu M, Ding L. Effect of Fe and $Fe^{2+}$ on hydrogen production capacity with mixed culture. Environ. Sci. 2004;25:48-53.
  9. Wang J, Wan W. Effect of $Fe^{2+}$ concentration on fermentative hydrogen production by mixed cultures. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2008;33:1215-1220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.12.044
  10. Das D, Veziroglu TN. Hydrogen production by biological processes: a survey of literature. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2001;26:13-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0360-3199(00)00058-6
  11. Kotay SM, Das D. Biohydrogen as a renewable energy resource-Prospects and potentials. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2008;33:258-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.07.031
  12. Argun H, Kargi F. Effect of sludge pre-treatment method on bio-hydrogen production by dark fermentation of waste ground wheat. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2009;34:8543-8548. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.08.049
  13. Chu CF, Li YY, Xu KQ, Ebie Y, Inamori Y, Kong HN. A pHand temperature-phased two-stage process for hydrogen and methane production from food waste. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2008;33:4739-4746. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.06.060
  14. Zhang ML, Fan YT, Xing Y, Pan CM, Zhang GS, Lay JJ. Enhanced biohydrogen production from cornstalk wastes with acidification pretreatment by mixed anaerobic cultures. Biom. Bioen. 2007;31:250-254. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2006.08.004
  15. Lay JJ, Lee YJ, Noike T. Feasibility of biological hydrogen production from organic fraction of municipal solid waste. Water Res. 1999;33:2579-2586. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(98)00483-7
  16. Owen WF, Stuckey DC, Healy JB, Young LY, Mccarty PL. Bioassay for monitoring biochemical methane potential and anaerobic toxicity. Water Res. 1979;13:485-492. https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(79)90043-5
  17. Selembo PA, Merrill MD, Logan BE. The use of stainless steel and nickel alloy as low-cost cathodes in microbial electrolysis cells. J. Power Sources. 2009;190:271-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.12.144
  18. Logan BE, Oh SE, Kim IS, Van Ginkel SW. Biological hydrogen production measured in batch anaerobic respirometers. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2002;36:2530-2535. https://doi.org/10.1021/es015783i
  19. APHA/AWWA/WPCF. Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water. 21st ed. Washington, D.C: American Public Health Association; 2005. p.1368.
  20. Wang J, Wan W. Factors influencing fermentative hydrogen production: A review. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2009;34:799-811. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.11.015

Cited by

  1. (SM16), using sugarcane molasses vol.8, pp.6, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1080/17597269.2016.1257317

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Council of Thailand