- Volume 20 Issue 3
DOI QR Code
The Evaluation of Reliability for the Combined Refractive Power of Overlapping Trial Lenses
중첩된 시험렌즈의 합성굴절력에 대한 신뢰도 평가
- Received : 2015.08.17
- Accepted : 2015.09.07
- Published : 2015.09.30
Purpose: The current study aimed to evaluate the reliability for the combined refractive power when a spherical lens and a cylindrical lens were overlapped in a trial frame. Methods: The refractive powers, central thickness and peripheral thickness of spherical trial lenses and cylindrical lenses with negative power were measured. The combined refractive power of the spherical and cylindrical lenses was measured by auto lens meter. Measurement was repeated by changing the insertion order, and their results were further compared with the calculated combined refractive power. Results: There was no correlation between the variation of central and peripheral thickness in trial lenses and that of the lens power. Among 79 trial lenses, 3 trial lenses wasn't met the international standard. The refractive power calculated by Gullstrand's formula that could compensate vertex distance had smaller difference with the estimated power when compared with that calculated by thin lens formula however, it was significantly different from the estimated power. The refractive powers were generally apparent regardless of the insertion order of a spherical lens and a cylindrical lens: thin lens formula > actual measurements > Gullstrand's formula. The error was only found in cylindrical power calculated by Gullstrand's formula when inserted a spherical lens inside and a cylindrical lens outside however, the error was found in both of cylindrical and spherical powers calculated by Gullstrand's formula when inserted as a opposite order. By comparing actual measurements of equivalent spherical power, the accuracy was higher and the possibility of over-correction was lower when inserted a spherical lens inside and a cylindrical lens outside. Conclusions: From the results, those were revealed that the combined refractive power is influenced by the factors other than the vertex distance and the refractive power varies in accordance with the insertion order of a spherical lens and a cylindrical lens. Thus, it can be suggested that the establishment of standard for these is neccesaty.
Trial lens;Combined refractive power;Gullstrand's formula;thin lens formula;Reliability
- Kang HS. An introduction to visual optics, 2nd Ed. Seoul:Shinkwang, 2004;25-27.
- Park SY, Mun BY. Research on the actual state of domestic trial lens. Korean J Vis Sci. 2007;9(4)401-412.
- Chun YS, Kim HS, Lee JU, Park SC. Optical design of cemented doublets by using equivalent lens system. Korean J Optics Photonics. 1998;9(5):282-290.
- Kim JK, Kang MG. A study of the power of glasses lens and that of trial lens. J Korean Ophthalmic Opt Soc. 1998;3(1):263-267.
- Lee JU, Kim KS. Generalization of equivalent lens conversion and third order aberration formulae of the generalized equivalent lens system. Korean J Optics Photonics. 1996;7(4):305-313.
- Lee JU, Park SC. Generalized lens group conversion to their equivalent lenses. Korean J Optics Photonics. 1998; 9(4):251-257.
- Moon BY. Comparative analysis of refractive power on trial case Lenses. J Korean Ophthalmic Opt Soc. 2012;1 7(4):321-334.
- Seo JK, Jo YN, Sim HS, Kim SH. A study on the spherical aberration and astigmatism of sports sunglass. Korean J Vis Sci. 2013;15(2):101-111.
- Kim SK, Sung AY. The clinical study on spectacle wearers of high school students. J Korean Ophthalmic Opt Soc. 2004;9(1):19-27.
- Evaluation of Reliability for Combined Refractive Power of Lenses in an Automatic Phoropter vol.20, pp.4, 2015, https://doi.org/10.14479/jkoos.2015.20.4.501