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Recent Research Trends in Dementia Discourse : Tasks, Transcription and Measures

치매환자 담화분석의 최근 연구동향 : 과제, 전사 및 측정요인

  • 김보선 (연세대학교 언어병리학협동과정) ;
  • 김향희 (연세대학교 언어병리학협동과정/의과대학 재활의학교실)
  • Received : 2015.04.13
  • Accepted : 2015.05.11
  • Published : 2015.09.28

Abstract

Discourse analysis is useful for examining discourse characteristics of dementia patients and differentiating them from normal adults. However, inconsistent tasks, transcription methods and measures have been utilized, thus analyses were inevitably unsystematic. The purpose of this study was to investigate tasks, transcription methods and measures of discourse studies in dementia. Studies on dementia discourses written in English were collected via Scopus database containing abstracts and citations from 2005 to 2014, and were analyzed in detail. From the results, the most frequently used task was 'storytelling-topic'. It was observed that use of consistent transcription conventions rendered more reliable transcription data. Measures could be categorized into coherence, cohesion, productivity, propositional syntactic lexical analysis, and fluency, and each category belonged to discourse processing levels (i.e., processing of conceptual networks, propositions, and natural language units). In conclusion, future research warrants not only utilization of discourse tasks depending on dementia types and features, but also application of consistent transcription conventions. Additionally, measures based on the discourse processing theory would enable us to systematically interpret discourse studies.

Keywords

Discourse;Dementia;Tasks;Transcription;Measures

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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