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Factors Associated with Disclosure of Sexual Abuse of Children and Adolescent Victims

아동청소년 성폭력 피해자의 피해사실 폭로에 영향을 미치는 요인

  • Received : 2015.05.21
  • Accepted : 2015.06.27
  • Published : 2015.09.30

Abstract

Objectives : The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors related to the disclosure patterns of sexual abuse in children and adolescent victims. Methods : A sample of 153 children and adolescents who visited the Sunflower children's Center (Incheon) between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2012 were analyzed. The medical records of the victims were reviewed retrospectively. Results : Ninety (58.8%) subjects made a disclosure of sexual abuse voluntarily. The revelation was most commonly made to a parent. The severity and duration of sexual abuse were related to the disclosure patterns. In addition, the group that displayed below average intelligence, particularly subjects in the group with borderline intellectual functioning, tended to disclose their history of abuse less voluntarily than the subjects with normal intelligence. Conclusion : The current study provides insight into the factors that affect disclosure patterns in children and adolescent sexual abuse victims. To prevent sexual abuse, we suggest that special legal assistance and social concern be required for children and adolescents with borderline intellectual functioning.

Keywords

Child Sexual Abuse;Borderline Intellectual Functioning;Disclosure

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