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The Relationship between Job Stress and Turnover Intention of Child Care Teachers and the Moderating Role of Motivation for Child Care Work

보육교사의 직무스트레스와 이직의도의 관계에서 교직선택동기의 조절효과

  • Ahn, Na Rae (Department of Child & Family Studies, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Kim, Hee Sue (Department of Child & Family Studies, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Ahn, Sun Hee (Department of Child & Family Studies, Kyung Hee University)
  • Received : 2015.07.15
  • Accepted : 2015.09.30
  • Published : 2015.10.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between job stress, turnover intention, and the moderating roles of motivation for child care work. The subjects were 238 child-care teachers who were worked at child-care centers in Seoul. Questionnaires were used to rate job stress, turnover intention, and the motivation for child care work of teachers. The collected data were mainly analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Duncan test, Pearson's correlation and the multiple regression analysis. The main results of this study were as follows. First, there were differences in turnover intention according to individual characteristics such as career at the current child-care center and total career. Second, job stress was positively correlated with turnover intention, and negatively correlated with active motivation and material motivation. And turnover intention was negatively correlated with active motivation and material motivation. Third, a moderator effect of the active motivation was found in the relationship between the job stress and the turnover intention. Especially the active motivation is suggested to reduce the negative results of job stress and turnover intention. Therefore, the results indicate the importance of the active motivation which is considered as an aptitude, interest, affection for children and self realization when child-care teachers make a decision to enter the child-care work profession.

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