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Children's Understanding of Emotional Display Rules by Episodes: Interaction Effects of Intention Reasoning and Gender

이야기 상황에 따른 유아의 정서표현규칙이해: 의도추론유형과 성의 상호작용효과

  • Received : 2015.08.15
  • Accepted : 2015.10.17
  • Published : 2015.10.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences that appeared in the episodes in understandings of the emotional display rules according to the types of emotions and subjects for expressing emotions. In addition, the interaction effects of intention reasoning types and gender on children's understandings of the real emotions and emotional display rules are explored. 144 4-5 year old children in Chungbuk province participated in the experimental interviews. The results are as follows. First, children comprehended the emotional display rules more clearly in a relationship with peers than adults. In terms of a type of emotion, it was the negative emotions rather than positives ones that those children understood better for real emotions and emotional display rules. Second, the main effect of the intention reasoning types on children's understanding of the emotional display rules appeared significant in all episodes. Especially, in negative emotion-peer episode, children with different types of intention reasoning showed a different level of understanding emotional display rules depending on gender of the children.

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