A Development of the Construction Manual for the Prefabricated Temporary Housing in Subway Stations

지하철역의 조립식 임시주거 시공 매뉴얼 개발 연구

  • Kim, Eun Young (Department of Interior Architecture Design, Hanyang University, Korea Institute of Civil Engineering & Building Technology) ;
  • Jang, Soon Gak (Department of Interior Architecture Design, Hanyang University) ;
  • Hwang, Eun Kyoung (Korea Institute of Civil Engineering & Building Technology)
  • Received : 2015.04.12
  • Accepted : 2015.08.15
  • Published : 2015.10.25


Following natural disasters, there is a need to develop temporary housing through the rapid installation of mass-produced prefabricated housing. This study has developed a model construction manual for prefabricated temporary housing installable in underground spaces. First, the temporary housing prototype was drawn based on opinion poll results from earlier studies. $4.32m^2$ was calculated as the basic unit of the temporary housing living space for one person. Units included panel type, box type and mixed-type, for a variety of field conditions and scales. In order to enable space expansion and movement desirable to the user, the prototype was combination of panel and box types. The drawn prototype was utilized as the basic design template for producing prototypes and for the manual. Second, the possibility of utilizing subway stations as temporary housing was verified through the production of the prototype, and the construction process was summarized in the manual. The manual was developed in the form of a checklist to provide a guideline for users to build with prefab materials.



  1. Article 3 of the Implementing Decree of the Disaster Relief Act Type and Security of Disaster Relief Tools. Korea Ministry of Government legislation.
  2. City Railway Station and Transfer. Convenience Facility Guidelines. (2010). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
  3. Civil Defense Law. Korea Ministry of Government legislation.
  4. Civil Defense Installation Equipment Operation Manual. (2011). National Emergency Management Agency. p. 6.
  5. Disaster Relief Act, Korea Ministry of Government legislation.
  6. Jung, M. Y. (2009). Study Related to Temporary Relief Housing Applying the Properties of Guerre's Fabric Portable Housing. Master's thesis, Hongik University, Seoul.
  7. Kim, J. H. (2007). A Study on the Properties of Three-Dimensional Prefab Units and the Applicative Direction of Narrow Clustered Housing. Master's thesis, Seoul National University, Seoul.
  8. Kim, E. Y., & Hwang, E. K. (2014). Study on the Awareness of Using Temporary Housing Spaces in the Subway Stations at a time of War. Architectural Institute of Korea, 30(5), 77-84.
  9. Lee, H. N. (2004). Temporary Housing Methodology for Disaster Victims. Architectural Institute of Korea, 24(2), 143-146.
  10. Lim, J. S. (2009. Nov) Study on the Standards and Usage Plan of a CBR Evacuation Facilities. National Emergency Management Agency.
  11. Modern Architecture Related Terms Editorial Board. (2011). Architectural Terms Dictionary. Seoul: Sungandang..
  12. Moon, J. I. (2006). Case Study Related to the Types of Temporary Housing based on Natural Disasters. Architectural Institute of Korea, 22(9), 141-148.
  13. Ryan E. S. (2010). Prefab Architecture. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley.
  14. Underground Shelters,
  15. Yoon, J. Y. (2006). Study Related to the Applicability of Modular Architecture as Temporary Housing for Disaster Victims. Master's thesis, Yonsei University, Seoul.