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Emission Characteristics of White Organic Light-Emitting Diodes Using Blue Fluorescent and Red Phosphorescent Materials

청색 형광과 적색 인광 물질을 사용한 백색 OLED의 발광 특성

Park, Chan-Suk;Ju, Sung-Hoo
박찬석;주성후

  • Received : 2015.09.17
  • Accepted : 2015.10.09
  • Published : 2015.11.01

Abstract

We studied white organic light-emitting diodes using blue fluorescent and red phosphorescent materials. White single OLEDs were fabricated using SH-1 : BD-2 (3 vol.%) and CBP : $Ir(mphmq)_2(acac)$ (2 vol.%) as emitting layer (EML). The white single OLED using SH-1 : BD-2 (3 vol.% 8 nm) / CBP : $Ir(mphmq)_2(acac)$ (2 vol.% 22 nm) as emitting layer showed maximum current efficiency of 8.8 cd/A, Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) coordinates of (0.403, 0.351) at $1,000cd/m^2$, and variation of CIE coordinates with ($0.402{\pm}0.012$, $0.35{\pm}0.002$) from 500 to $3,000cd/m^2$. The white tandem OLED using SH-1 : BD-2 (3 vol.% 12 nm) / CBP : $Ir(mphmq)_2(acac)$ (2 vol.% 18 nm) showed maximum efficiency of 19.6 cd/A, CIE coordinates of (0.354, 0.365) at $1,000cd/m^2$, and variation of CIE coordinates with ($0.356{\pm}0.016$, $0.364{\pm}0.002$) from 500 to $3,000cd/m^2$. Maximum current efficiency of the white tandem OLED was more twice as high as the single OLED. Our findings suggest that tandem OLED was possible to produce improved efficiency and excellent color stability.

Keywords

OLED;Tandem;Fluorescent;Phosphorescent;White;Color stability

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