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Shape Optimization of Three-Way Reversing Valve for Cavitation Reduction

3 방향 절환밸브의 공동현상 저감을 위한 형상최적화

  • Received : 2015.03.30
  • Accepted : 2015.08.09
  • Published : 2015.11.01

Abstract

A pair of two-way valves typically is used in automotive washing machines, where the water flow direction is frequently reversed and highly pressurized clean water is sprayed to remove the oil and dirt remaining on machined engine and transmission blocks. Although this valve system has been widely used because of its competitive price, its application is sometimes restricted by surging effects, such as pressure ripples occurring in rapid changes in water flow caused by inaccurate valve control. As an alternative, one three-way reversing valve can replace the valve system because it provides rapid and accurate changes to the water flow direction without any precise control device. However, a cavitation effect occurs because of the complicated bottom plug shape of the valve. In this study, the cavitation index and percent of cavitation (POC) were introduced to numerically evaluate fluid flows via computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis. To reduce the cavitation effect generated by the bottom plug, the optimal shape design was carried out through a parametric study, in which a simple computer-aided engineering (CAE) model was applied to avoid time-consuming CFD analysis and difficulties in achieving convergence. The optimal shape design process using full factorial design of experiments (DOEs) and an artificial neural network meta-model yielded the optimal waist and tail length of the bottom plug with a POC value of less than 30%, which meets the requirement of no cavitation occurrence. The optimal waist length, tail length and POC value were found to 6.42 mm, 6.96 mm and 27%, respectively.

Keywords

Shape Optimization;Cavitation;3-Way Reversing Valve;Automotive Washing Machine;Cavitation Index

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 산업통상자원부

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Cited by

  1. Cavitation Visualization Test for Shape Optimization of Bottom Plug in Reversing Valve vol.40, pp.11, 2016, https://doi.org/10.3795/KSME-A.2016.40.11.913