A Study on the Spatial Characteristics of Modern Architecture found from the Olin Library Competition - Focused on the Local Order and Morphological symbols -

올린 도서관 현상설계에서 나타난 근대건축의 공간적 특성에 관한 연구 - 장소적 질서와 형태적 상징을 중심으로 -

  • Received : 2015.05.21
  • Accepted : 2015.07.28
  • Published : 2015.07.30


The Olin Library in St. Louis was an important design competition for the United States in the 1950's, the rear of America's modern architecture. The participants of this competition were a variety of representative architects and groups of its time. With the library's functional rationality, the Olin Library competition was legible of the aspects of modern architectural flow. The competition required two demands. The first demand was absolute importance in character definition of place, which was to satisfy the site conditions approached from campus design. Secondly was related to interpretation of morphological symbolism in an architectural matter. The experiments of American modern architecture started to change its ideal goal gradually ; accommodating the altering public's code, at the same time, maintaining the original modern value was the reason to changing the ideal goal. As a turning point, the Olin Library should be understood as an important work, which divulged the value change of architectural interpretation.


Olin Library;Washington University;Modern;Local Order;Morphological symbol;Murphy & Mackey


  1. Eric Mumford, Modern Architecture in st. Louis Washington University and post war American Architecture 1948-1973, p.13-20, Washington University in st. louis press, 2004
  2. Psator, John Day. Laying of the Corner-stone of Busch Hall, library document. p.6-14. 1900
  3. Frederick Mann, Architecture at the Exposition, p.91-103, The Buletine of Washington University, April 23, 1904
  4. Frederick Law Olmsted (April 26, 1822-August 28, 1903)
  5. Hilltop Campus Historic District, 1984. p.1-9, Washington University St. Louis, Public Relations Office, 1984
  6. Alexandra Tyng, Beginnings: Louis I. Kahn's Philosophy of Architecture, p.38-39
  7. The Sources of Modern Architecture and Design, Nikolaus Pevsner. p.9-13
  8. Les Beaux-Arts, reduits a un meme principe, 1747. p.47
  9. The John M. Olin Library catalog, Washington University, 1963


Supported by : 인하대학교