Landscape Characteristics of Sacred Dangsan Forests in the Neighborhood of Naganeupseong in Suncheon as a Potential World Heritage Site

세계문화유산 잠재지로서 순천 낙안읍성 일원 당산숲의 경관 특성

Choi, Jai-Ung;Kim, Dong-Yeob;Lee, Chang-Hwan

  • Received : 2015.08.10
  • Accepted : 2015.09.18
  • Published : 2015.09.30


In this study, the landscape characteristics and culture of the sacred Dangsan forests at Dongnae-ri, Seonae-ri, Namnae-ri, Pyeongchon-ri and Gyochon-ri were investigated. And the potential for registration in the World Heritage List has been discussed by linking the Dangsan forests at the five sites. Dangsan forest, a traditional village forests of rural Korea is a representative cultural heritage with a history of more than several hundred years of Dangsan ritual. The Dangsan forests in the neighborhood of Naganeuoseong have retained the landscape of town fortress during Choseon Dynasty and the Dangsan ritual as a living culture. The three villages inside Naganeuoseong have kept their Upper Dang, Middle Dang and Lower Dang. There were 21 old trees in total; Zelkova serrata (2), Celtis sinensis (7), Aphananthe aspera (5) trees, Carpinus tschonoskii (2) and Ginkgo biloba (3). The three Dangsan trees and an old Aphananthe aspera, known as to be planted by the Admiral Yi Sun-sin were recognized. The two villages located outside of village fortress also have kept their Dangsan ritual. It is important whether the sites possesses authenticity in order to be listed in the World Heritage. The Dangsan forests in the neighborhood of Naganeuoseong have been verified for the authenticity, which should be focused. The places need to be clarified for their landscape features formed as a Dangsan forest, and sustainable protection and management plans are to be devised.


authenticity;dangsan ritual;dangsan tree;traditional village forest;world heritage


  1. 국원식. (2002). 樂安邑城 안길의 特性에 관한 硏究. 전남대학교 석사학위논문.
  2. 김민옥. (2012). 낙안읍성의 역사문화자원과 문화콘텐츠 개발 방안. 한국외국어대학교 박사학위논문.
  3. 김재웅, & 김승민. (2014). 국내 보호지역의 현황 및 세계보호지역 설정을 위한 기초연구. 한국전통조경학회지, 32(3), 191-200.
  4. 김학범, & 장동수. (1994). 마을숲 : 韓國傳統部落의 堂숲과 水口막이. 서울: 열화당.
  5. 김학범. (2009). 복합유산 마을숲. 월간 문화재사랑, 52, 22-25.
  6. 김효정. (2012). 한국의 유네스코 자연성지 잠재자원 현황과 특성 : 천연기념물로 지정된 식물유산을 중심으로. 한국콘텐츠학회논문지, 12(11), 492-501.
  7. 박진재. (2012). 세계문화유산 제도의 전개 양상과 운영의 추이에 관한 연구. 성균관대학교 박사학위논문.
  8. 박찬용. (2005). 한국 읍성의 공간성과 경관성. 한국전통조경학회지, 23(1), 122-131.
  9. 송갑득. (2006). 옛 선조의 숨결이 살아있는 전통이 있는 역사의 마을-낙안읍성. 순천: 순천시청.
  10. 신상섭. (2004). 전통정주지의 환경적 건전성과 지속성에 관한 기초연구. 한국전통조경학회지, 22(1), 27-38.
  11. 정광석. (2014). 조선후기 낙안읍성 원형 추정에 관한 연구. 순천대학교 석사학위논문.
  12. 최재웅, & 김동엽. (2000). 마을숲문화가 있는 농촌 마을숲의 구조 및 보전실태에 관한 연구. 한국정원학회지, 18(3), 51-64.
  13. 최재웅, & 김동엽. (2005). 하천경관으로서 당산숲⋅ 마을숲의 경관생태학적 기능 고찰. 환경정책연구, 4(2), 31-55.
  14. 최재웅, & 김동엽. (2009). 농어촌마을 당산숲의 입지 및 구조 특성. 한국전통조경학회지, 27(1), 35-47.
  15. 최재웅, 김동엽, & 김미희. (2009). 농어촌마을 당산숲.비보숲의 형태지수 특성. 한국전통조경학회지, 27(3), 30-38.
  16. 최재웅. (2009). 농어촌마을의 당산숲 구성요소 및 문화에 관한 고찰. 문화재, 27(1), 188-209.
  17. 최재웅, 김동엽, 김미희, & 박광래. (2009). 순천시 낙안읍성 마을당산의 형태 및 기능에 관한 고찰. 2009년 한국조경학회 추계학술대회 발표자료집, 90-93.
  18. 최재웅, & 김동엽. (2010). 천연기념물 지정 당산숲.비보숲의 명칭 부여 및 지정 물량 실태 고찰. 문화재, 43(1), 28-55.
  19. 최재웅. (2015). 한국 당산숲의 특징과 관리 현황-마을숲 통해 한국의 전통 조경 문화를 세계에 알리다. 월간 ecoscape, 8월호, 110-113.
  20. Alison, J. B., & Richard, C. P. (1997). Conceptualizing the experiences of heritage tourists : A case study of New Lanark World Heritage Village. Tourism Management, 18(2), 75-87.
  21. Anne, D. (1996). Developing a strategy for the Ankor World Heritage Site. Annals of Tourism Research, 23(2), 479-492.
  22. Choi, J. U., & Kim, D. Y. (2014). Characteristics and Management of Old and Sacred Dangsan Forests in Korea. In S. K. Hong., J. Bogaert., & Q. Min. (Eds.), Biocultural Landscapes-Diversity, Functions and Values (pp. 129-142). Dordrecht: Springer.
  23. Dudley, N., & Liza, H. Z. (2012). Protected areas and sacred nature: a convergence of beliefs. In G. Pungetti., G. Oviedo., & D. Hooke. (Eds.), Sacred Species and Sites: Advances in Biocultural Conservation (pp. 36-45). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  24. Fatimah, T. (2015). The impacts of rural tourism initiatives on cultural landscape sustainability in Borobudur area. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 28, 567-577.
  25. Ichikawa, K., Okubo, N., Okubo S., & Takeuchi, K. (2006). Transition of the satoyama landscape in the urban fringe of the Tokyo metropolitan area from 1880 to 2001. Landscape and Urban planning, 78, 398-410.
  26. Indrawan, M., Yabe, M., Nomura, H., & Harrison, R. (2014). Deconstructing satoyama - The socio-ecological landscape in Japan. Ecological Engineering, 64, 77-84.
  27. IUCN. (2008). Sacred Natural Sites, Guidelines for Protected Area Managers. Best Practice Protected Area Guidelines Series No. 16. Gland: IUCN.
  28. Khlaikaew, K. (2015). The Cultural Tourism Management under Context of World Heritage Sites: Stakeholders' Opinions between Luang Prabang Communities, Laos and Muang-kao Communities, Sukhothai, Thailand. Procedia Economics and Finance, 23, 1286-1295.
  29. Li, M., Wu, B., & Cai, L. (2008). Tourism developing of World Heritage Sites in China: A geographic perspective. Tourism Management, 29, 308-319.
  30. Lucas, P. H. C. (1992). Protected Landscapes, A guide for policy-makers and planners. London: Chapman & Hall.
  31. Ormsby, A. A., & Bhagwat, S. A. (2010). Sacred forests of India: a strong tradition of community-based natural resource management. Environmental Conservation, 37(3), 320-326.
  32. Owley, J. (2015). Cultural heritage conservation easements: Heritage protection with property law tools. Land Use Policy, 49, 177-182.
  33. Torquati, B., Giacche, G., & Venanzi, S. (2015). Economic analysis of the traditional cultural vineyard landscapes in Italy. Journal of Rural Studies, 39, 122-132.
  34. UNESCO. (2003). World Heritage papers 7, Cultural Landscapes: the Challenges of Conservation. Paris: UNESCO World Heritage Centre.
  35. Wagner, J. (1995). Developing a strategy for the Ankor World Heritage Site. Tourism Management, 16(7), 515-523.


Supported by : 국립농업과학원