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Monitoring of Perfluorinated Compounds (PFCs) in the Yeongsan River Water System

영산강 수계에서 과불화 화합물의 모니터링

  • Received : 2014.07.22
  • Accepted : 2015.05.29
  • Published : 2015.05.31

Abstract

To determine the concentrations of selected 10 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), a field study was conducted in the water body of Yeongsan River Water System. Raw water samples were collected in the spring and the fall, respectively, which included 18 sampling sites. Collected samples were equally mixed and then served as an analytical sample. The concentration of perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) were in range of 20.80-92.0 ng/L and ND-28.40 ng/L respectively. Perfluorononanoate (PFNA) and perfluorohexanesulfonate (PFHxS) were ranged from ND to 42.20 ng/L and from ND to 11.47 ng/L. The detection frequencies of other PFCs selected in this study were very sparse at very low concentrations, except for PFOS, PFOA, PFNA and PFHxS. PFOS was higher detection frequency and concentration in both spring and fall, PFOA and PFNA were in spring, and PFHxS was in fall. As a result, the observed concentrations of PFCs in the downtown water area of Gwangju, located in the wastewater treatment plants, were relatively higher than other sampling points.

Keywords

Perfluorinated Compounds;Yeongsan River;Monitoring;Water System;Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS);Perfluorooctanoate (PFOA)

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Acknowledgement

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