Comparative Efficacy of Four Imaging Instruments for Breast Cancer Screening

  • Mehnati, Parinaz (Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Tirtash, Maede Jafari (Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2015.10.06


Sensitivity and specificity are the two most important indicators in selection of medical imaging devices for cancer screening. Breast images taken by conventional or digital mammography, ultrasound, MRI and optical mammography were collected from 2,143,852 patients. They were then studied and compared for sensitivity and specificity results. Optical mammography had the highest sensitivity (p<0.001 and p<0.006) except with MRI. Digital mammography had the highest specificity for breast cancer imaging. A comparison of specificity between digital mammography and optical mammography was significant (p<0.021). If two or more breast diagnostic imaging tests are requested the overall sensitivity and specificity will increase. In this literature review study patients at high-risk of breast cancer were studied beside normal or sensitive women. The image modality performance of each breast test was compared for each.


Sensitivity;specificity;breast imaging;ultrasound;MRI;digital/optical mammography


Supported by : Tabriz University of Medical Sciences


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