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Intentions to Undergo Lung Cancer Screening among Korean Men

  • Cam, Nhung Bui (Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy) ;
  • Lee, Yoon Young (National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center) ;
  • Yoon, HyoJoong (National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center) ;
  • Suh, Mina (National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center) ;
  • Park, Boyoung (National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center) ;
  • Jun, Jae Kwan (Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy) ;
  • Kim, Yeol (National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center) ;
  • Choi, Kui Son (Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy)
  • Published : 2015.10.06

Abstract

Opportunistic screening for lung cancer is commonly conducted in Korea in accordance with physician recommendations and screenee's preferences. However, studies have yet to thoroughly examine the public's understanding of the risks posed by lung cancer screening. This study was conducted to assess changes in intentions to undergo lung cancer screening in response to being informed about exposure to radiation during low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) tests and to identify factors with the greatest influence thereon among Korean men. We conducted sub-group interviews among men chosen from the 2013 Korea National Cancer Screening Survey (KNCSS), a nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional survey of men aged 40 to 74 years and women aged 30 to 74 years. From 4100 participants in the KNCSS, 414 men who underwent any cancer screening test within the last 2 years were randomly selected for inclusion in this study. Via face-to-face interviews, their intentions to undergo lung cancer screening were assessed before and after being informed about exposure to radiation during LDCT testing. Of the 414 participants, 50% were current smokers. After receiving information on the benefits of the test, 95.1% stated an intention to undergo screening; this decreased to 81.6% after they received information on the harms of the test. The average decrease in intention rate was 35.3%. Smoking status, household income, and education level were not associated with lowered intentions to undergo lung cancer screening. Participants who were older than 60 years old (OR=0.56; 95% CI= 0.33-0.96) and those with less concern for radiation exposure (OR=0.56; 95% CI=0.36-0.89) were less likely to lower their screening intentions. The results of this study suggest that there is a need to educate both non-smokers and former smokers on the harms of lung cancer screening.

Keywords

Lung cancer screening;screening intention;low;dose computed tomography;smoking history

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Cancer Center

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Cited by

  1. Beliefs and Intentions to Undergo Lung Cancer Screening among Korean Males vol.50, pp.4, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4143/crt.2017.393