- Volume 16 Issue 15
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Age Specific Cytological Abnormalities in Women Screened for Cervical Cancer in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi
- Al Zaabi, Muna (Family Medicine, Ambulatory Healthcare Services) ;
- Al Muqbali, Shaikha (Family Medicine, Ambulatory Healthcare Services) ;
- Al Sayadi, Thekra (Family Medicine, Al Ain Hospital) ;
- Al Ameeri, Suhaila (Consultant Anatomic Pathology, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City) ;
- Coetsee, Karin (Senior Medical Lab Technologist, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City) ;
- Balayah, Zuhur (Medical Research Assistant, UAE University) ;
- Ortashi, Osman (Consultant in Gynecology & Gynecological Cancers, UAE University)
- Published : 2015.10.06
Background: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women worldwide, with about 500,000 new cases and 270,000 deaths each year. Globally, it is estimated that over one million women currently have cervical cancer, most of whom have not been diagnosed, or have no access to treatment that could cure them or prolong their lives. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) cervical cancer is the third most common cancer in women. Materials and Methods: A population-based cross-sectional retrospective survey of cervical smear abnormalities was conducted in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, UAE, from January 2013 to December 2013 by collecting consecutive liquid-based cytology samples from the Department of Pathology at the SKMC Hospital in Abu Dhabi city. Results: The total number of women screened for cervical cancer for the year 2013 at SKMC was 4,593, with 225 (4.89%) abnormal smears. The majority of the abnormal smear results were atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) 114 (2.48%). This study showed 60% increase in the rate of abnormal cervical smears in the UAE over the last 10 years. In this study the highest incidence of high grade abnormalities were seen in women above the age of 61years (1.73%), this might be due to the fact that this group of women missed the chance of screening of cervical cancer earlier in their lives or could be explained by the well-known second peak of HPV infection seen in many prevalence studies. Conclusions: We conclude that the rate of abnormal cervical smear in the screened Abu Dhabi women is not different from the rate in developed countries. A notable increase in both low and high grade abnormalities has occurred within the last decade.
Cervical cancer;cervical Pap smear results;Abu Dhabi;age-dependence
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