Predictors of Sun-Protective Practices among Iranian Female College Students: Application of Protection Motivation Theory

  • Dehbari, Samaneh Rooshanpour (Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Dehdari, Tahereh (Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Dehdari, Laleh (Department of Statistics, School of Mathematics Sciences, Yazd University) ;
  • Mahmoudi, Maryam (Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2015.10.06


Purpose: Given the importance of sun protection in the prevention of skin cancer, this study was designed to determine predictors of sun-protective practices among a sample of Iranian female college students based on protection motivation theory (PMT) variables. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 201 female college students in Iran University of Medical Sciences were selected. Demographic and PMT variables were assessed with a 67-item questionnaire. Multiple linear regression was used to identify demographic and PMT variables that were associated with sun-protective practices and intention. Results: one percent of participants always wore a hat with a brim, 3.5% gloves and 15.9% sunglasses while outdoors. Only 10.9% regularly had their skin checked by a doctor. Perceived rewards, response efficacy, fear, self-efficacy and marital status were the five variables which could predict 39% variance of participants intention to perform sun-protective practices. Also, intention and response cost explained 31% of the variance of sun-protective practices. Conclusions: These predictive variables may be used to develop theory-based education interventions to prevent skin cancer among college students.


Skin cancer;sun-protective practices;student;protection motivation theory;Iran


Supported by : Iran University of Medical Sciences


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