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Transducer-like Enhancer of Split 1 as a Novel Immunohistochemical Marker for Diagnosis of Synovial Sarcoma

  • Atef, Aliaa (Pathology Department,Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University) ;
  • Alrashidy, Mohammed (Pathology Department,Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University)
  • Published : 2015.10.06

Abstract

Background: Synovial sarcoma is a mesenchymal neoplasm that accounts for around 10% of all soft tissue sarcomas. The diagnosis of synovial sarcoma can be a challenging task, particularly with small biopsy specimens. Aim: We investigated transducer-like enhancer of split 1 (TLE1), monoclonal antibody, expression by immunohistochemical analysis in a group of 74 synovial sarcoma cases, 20 cases of MPNST, 12 cases of neurofibroma, 15 cases of schwannoma, 5 cases of MFH, 10 cases of lieomyosarcoma and 10 cases of solitary fibrous tumor. Materials and Methods: Whole tissue sections were examined: (39 biphasic and 35 monophasic). Nuclear immunoreactivity was scored as negative (<5% of cells positive), 1+(mild /5-25%), 2+ (moderate/25-50%), and 3+ (strong >50%). Results: Overall, 71 (96%) of 74 synovial sarcomas were positive for TLE1, including 37 biphasic (95%) and 34 monophasic (97%) tumors. Other spindle cell tumors showed very low or absent staining of TLE1. Conclusions: We conclude that TLE1 is a sensitive marker and can be a useful diagnostic marker for synovial sarcoma, particularly the monophasic forms.

Keywords

TLE-1;synovial sarcomas;spindle cell sarcomas

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