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Helicobacter pylori cag Pathogenicity Island cagL and orf17 Genotypes Predict Risk of Peptic Ulcerations but not Gastric Cancer in Iran

  • Raei, Negin (Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili) ;
  • Latifi-Navid, Saeid (Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili) ;
  • Zahri, Saber (Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili)
  • Published : 2015.10.06

Abstract

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is the third most common cancer regarding mortality in the world. The cag pathogenicity island (PAI) of Helicobacter pylori which contains genes associated with a more aggressive phenotype may involve in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal disease. We here aimed to examine the associations of cagH, cagL, orf17, and cagG genotypes of H. pylori cag PAI with severe gastrointestinal disease. Materials and Methods: A total of 242 H. pylori strains were genotyped. Histopathological examination and classification of subjects were performed. Results: The frequencies of the cagH, cagL, cagG, and orf17 genotypes were 40/54 (74.1%), 53/54 (98.1%), 38/54 (70.4%), and 43/54 (79.6%), respectively, in patients with peptidic ulceration (PU),while in the control group, the frequencies were 87/147 (59.6%) for cagH, 121/146 (82.9%) for cagL, 109/146 (74.7%) for cagG, and 89/146 (61.0%) for orf17. The results of simple logistic regression analysis showed that the cagL and orf17 genotypes were significantly associated with an increased risk of PU not GC; the ORs (95% CI) were 10.950 (1.446-82.935), and 2.504 (1.193-5.253), respectively. No significant association was found between the cagH and cagG genotypes and the risk of both the PU and the GC in Iran (P>0.05). Finally, multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the cagL genotype was independently and significantly associated with the age-and sex-adjusted risk for PU; the OR (95% CI) was 9.557 (1.219-17.185). Conclusions: We conclude that the orf17 and especially cagL genotypes of H. pylori cag PAI could be factors for risk prediction of PU, but not GC in Iran.

Keywords

H. pylori;cag PAI;genotype;peptic ulceration;gastric cancer;prediction;Iran

Acknowledgement

Supported by : University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

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