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A Literature Review of Studies on Decision-making in Socio-scientific Issues

과학 관련 사회적 쟁점에서 의사결정에 대한 문헌 연구

  • Received : 2015.09.25
  • Accepted : 2015.10.26
  • Published : 2015.10.31

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the definition of and factors in decision on socio-scientific issues and to analyze the standards for the quality of decision-making, based on the review of studies in socio-scientific issues. This study analyzed 147 articles published in journals of the social science citation index, and the research method was followed by taxonomy analysis and analytic induction. The results showed that many of the studies did not explicitly articulate the decision-making and only dealt with a specific element of the process, not as a whole. Decision-making was categorized into the steps of identification, option, criteria, information, survey, choice, and review. In terms of the factors, the literature tackled diverse things: science knowledge, nature of science, type of issue, discussion type, belief & values, and culture. This study examined the relationship between the factors and each element of decision-making. Among the relationships, only six kinds were shown as relevant and most of factors were connected to survey. With regard to the standards, the literature relied upon balance, justification and multiplicity since many of the studies made use of Toulmin-based argumentation. This study gives some implications for standards for decision-making regarding the nature of risk and uncertainty.

Keywords

decision-making;socio-scientific issue;literature review;risk;uncertainty

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea

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