DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Control of wind-induced motion in high-rise buildings with hybrid TM/MR dampers

  • Received : 2015.06.08
  • Accepted : 2015.10.20
  • Published : 2015.11.25

Abstract

In recent years, high-rise buildings received a renewed interest as a means by which technical and economic advantages can be achieved, especially in areas of high population density. Taller and taller buildings are being built worldwide. These types of buildings present an asset and typically are built not to fail under wind loadings. The increase in a building's height results in increased flexibility, which can lead to significant vibrations, especially at top floors. Such oscillations can magnify the overall loads and can be annoying to the top floors' occupants. This paper shows that increased stiffness in high-rise buildings may not be a feasible solution and may not be used for the design for comfort and serviceability. High-rise buildings are unique, and a vibration control system for a certain building may not be suitable for another. Even for the same building, its behavior in the two lateral directions can be different. For this reason, the current study addresses the application of hybrid tuned mass and magneto-rheological (TM/MR) dampers that can work for such types of buildings. The proposed control scheme shows its effectiveness in reducing floors' accelerations for both comfort and serviceability concerns. Also, a dissipative analysis carried out shows that the MR dampers are working within the possible range of optimum performance. In addition, the design loads are dramatically reduced, creating more resilient and sustainable buildings. The purpose of this paper is to stimulate, shape, and communicate ideas for emerging control technologies that are essential for solving wind related problems in high-rise buildings, with the objective to build the more resilient and sustainable infrastructure and to optimally retrofit existing structures.

Keywords

high-rise buildings;wind-induced vibration;robust control;tuned mass damper;magneto-rheological damper;semi-active control;dissipative analysis

References

  1. Aly, A.M. (2013), "Pressure integration technique for predicting wind-induced response in high-rise buildings", Alexandria Eng. J., 52(4), 717-731. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2013.08.006
  2. Aly, A.M. (2009), On the dynamics of buildings under winds and earthquakes: response prediction and reduction, Diss. Ph. D. thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.
  3. Aly, A.M., Zasso, A. and Resta, F. (2011a), "On the dynamics of a very slender building under winds: Response reduction using MR dampers with lever mechanism", Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build., 20(5), 539-551. https://doi.org/10.1002/tal.647
  4. Aly, A.M. (2014), "Proposed robust tuned mass damper for response mitigation in buildings exposed to multidirectional wind", Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build., 23(9), 664-691. https://doi.org/10.1002/tal.1068
  5. Aly, A.M. and Christenson, R.E. (2008), "On the evaluation of the efficacy of a smart damper: a new equivalent energy-based probabilistic approach", Smart Mater. Struct., 17(4), Article ID 045008.
  6. Anthony, W.R. and Stainer, P.J. (1988), "Concrete high rises offer many cost advantages", Concrete Constr., 33(5), 453-456.
  7. Attaway, S. (2009), Matlab: A Practical Introduction to Programming and Problem Solving, Butterworth-Heinemann, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  8. Bendat, J.S. and Piersol, A.G. (2000), Random Data Analysis and Measurement Procedures, 3rd Ed., Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics, New York, USA.
  9. Chowdhury, I. and Dasgupta, S. (2003), "Computation of rayleigh damping coefficients for large systems", Electronic J. Geotech. Eng., 8, Bundle 8C.
  10. Clinton, J.F., Bradford, C.S., Heaton, T.H. and Favela, J. (2006), "The observed wander of the natural frequencies in a structure", Bull Seismol. Soc. Am., 96(1), 237-257. https://doi.org/10.1785/0120050052
  11. Goncalves, F.D., Koo, J.H. and Ahmadian, M. (2006), "A review of the state of the art in magnetorheological fluid technologies-part I: MR fluid and MR fluid models", Shock Vib. Digest, 38(3), 203-219. https://doi.org/10.1177/0583102406065099
  12. CTBUH (2015), "CTBUH tall buildings database", Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH), http://www.skyscrapercenter.com/buildings, retrieved on May 31, 2015.
  13. Dyke, S.J., Spencer, B.F., Sain, M.K. and Carlson, J.D. (1996), "Modeling and control of magnetorheological dampers for seismic response reduction", Smart Mater. Struct., 5(5), 565-575. DOI: 10.1088/0964-1726/5/5/006. https://doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/5/5/006
  14. Dyke, S.J. and Spencer, B.F. (1997), "A comparison of semi-active control strategies for the MR damper", Proceedings of the 1997 IASTED International Conference on Intelligent Information Systems (IIS '97), Grand Bahama Island, BAHAMAS, December 08-10, 1997. DOI: ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/IIS.1997.645424.
  15. Erkus, B. and Johnson, E.A. (2011), "Dissipativity analysis of the base isolated benchmark structure with magnetorheological fluid dampers", Smart Mater. Struct., 20, Article ID 105001.
  16. Eurocode 1. (2004), Eurocode 1: Actions on structures - General actions - Part 1-4: Wind actions. prEN 1991-1-4: European Standard.
  17. Feng, M.Q. and Mita, A. (1995), "Vibration control of tall buildings using mega subconfiguration", J. Eng. Mech - ASCE, 121(10), 1082-1088. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9399(1995)121:10(1082)
  18. Ghorbani-Tanha, A.K., Noorzad, A. and Rahimian, M. (2009), "Mitigation of wind-induced motion of Milad tower by tuned mass damper", Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build., 18, 371-385. Doi: 10.1002/tal.421 https://doi.org/10.1002/tal.421
  19. Gu, M. and Peng, F.J. (2002), "An experimental study of active control of wind-induced vibration of super-tall buildings", J. Wind Eng. and Ind. Aerod., 90(12-15), 1919-1931. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-6105(02)00298-2
  20. Gur, S., Mishra, S.K., Bhowmick, S. and Chakraborty, S. (2014), "Compliant liquid column damper modified by shape memory alloy device for seismic vibration control", Smart Mater. Struct., 23(10), 105009. https://doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/23/10/105009
  21. Halsey, T.C. (1992), "Electrorheological fluids", Science, 258(5083), 761-766. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.258.5083.761
  22. Hart, G.C., Jain, A. and Ekwueme, C.G. (2010), "Smart buildings: viscous dampers", Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build., 19(4), 373-396. https://doi.org/10.1002/tal.608
  23. Housner, G.W., Bergman, L.A., Caughey, T.K, Chassiakos, A.G., Claus, R.O., Masri, S.F., Skelton, R.E., Soong, T.T., Spencer, B.F. and Yao, J.T.P. (1997), "Structural control: Past, present, and future", J. Eng. Mech. - ASCE, 123(9), 897-971. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9399(1997)123:9(897)
  24. Irwin, P., Kilpatrick, J., Robinson, J. and Frisque, A. (2008), "Wind and tall buildings: negatives and positives", Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build., 17(5), 915-928. https://doi.org/10.1002/tal.482
  25. Inaudi, J.A. (2000), "Performance of variable-damping systems: theoretical analysis and simulation", Proceedings of the3rd International Workshop on Structural Control, Paris, France, July 6-8.
  26. Jin, X., Zhang, G., Zuo, J. and Lindsay, S. (2013), Sustainable high-rise design trends-Dubai's strategy", Civil Eng. Architect., 1(2), 33-41.
  27. Khayrullina, A., van Hooff, T. and Blocken, B. (2013), "A study on the wind energy potential in passages between parallel buildings", Proceedings of the 6th European and African Conference on Wind Engineering, Robinson Cambridge, United Kingdom, July.
  28. Kim, D.H., Ju, Y.K., Kim, M.H. and Kim, S.D. (2014), "Wind-induced vibration control of tall buildings using hybrid buckling-restrained braces", Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build., 23(7), 549-562. https://doi.org/10.1002/tal.1066
  29. Lee, J.J. and Yun, C.B. (2006), "Damage diagnosis of steel girder bridges using ambient vibration data", Eng. Struct. , 28(6), 912-925. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2005.10.017
  30. Leitmann, G. (1994), "Semiactive control for vibration attenuation", J. Intell. Mat. Syst. Str., 5, 841-846. https://doi.org/10.1177/1045389X9400500616
  31. Li, C., Li, J. and Qu, J. (2010), "An optimum design methodology of active tuned mass damper for asymmetric structures", Mech. Syst. Signal Pr., 24(3), 746-765. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymssp.2009.09.011
  32. Li, Q.S., Yang, K., Zhang, N., Wong, C.K. and Jeary, A.P. (2002), "Field measurement of amplitude dependent damping in a 79-storey tall building and its effects on the structural dynamic responses", Struct. Des. Tall Build., 11, 129-153. https://doi.org/10.1002/tal.195
  33. Liu, C. and DeWolf, J.T. (2007), "Effect of temperature on modal variability of a curved concrete bridge under ambient loads", J. Struct. Eng. - ASCE, 133(12), 1742-1751. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2007)133:12(1742)
  34. Lu, X., Li, P., Guo, X., Shi, W. and Liu, J. (2012), "Vibration control using ATMD and site measurements on the Shanghai World Financial Center Tower", Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build., 23(2), 105-123.
  35. Khajekaramodin, A., Haji-kazemi, H., Rowhanimanesh, A. and Akbarzadeh, M.R. (2007), "Semi-active control of structures using neuro-inverse model of MR dampers", Proceeding of the 1st Joint Congress on Fuzzy and Intelligent Systems, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran 29-31 Aug.
  36. Makris, N. and Constantinou, M.C. (1991), "Fractional derivative model for viscous dampers", J. Struct. Eng. - ASCE, 117(9), 2708-2724. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(1991)117:9(2708)
  37. McClamroch, N.H. and Gavin, H.P. (1995), "Closed loop structural control using electrorheological dampers", Proceedings of the American Control Conference, Seattle, Washington.
  38. Meirovitch, L. (1967), Analytical Methods in Vibrations, The Macmillan Co., New York.
  39. Metwally, H.M., El-Souhily, B.M. and Aly, A. (2006), "Reducing vibration effects on buildings due to earthquake using magneto-rheological dampers", Alex. Eng. J., 45(2), 131-140.
  40. Midas (2015), Midas/Gen, http://www.cspfea.net/midas_gen.html
  41. Park, K.S. and Ok, S.Y. (2015), "Optimal design of hybrid control system for new and old neighboring buildings", J. Sound Vib., 336, 16-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2014.09.044
  42. Pelli, C., Thornton, C. and Joseph, L. (1997), The World's Tallest Buildings, Scientific American, 277, 92-101.
  43. Rosa, L., Tomasini, G., Zasso, A. And Aly, A.M. (2012), "Wind-induced dynamics and loads in a prismatic slender building: a modal approach based on unsteady pressure measurements", J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerod., 107-108, 118-130 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jweia.2012.03.034
  44. Satake, N., Suda, K., Arakawa, T., Sasaki, A. and Tamura, Y. (2003), "Damping evaluation using full-scale data of building in Japan", J. Struct. Eng. - ASCE, 129, 470-477. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2003)129:4(470)
  45. Simiu, E. and Scanlan, R. (1996), Wind Effects on Structures, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  46. Smith R.J. and Willford, M.R. (2007), "The damped outrigger concept for tall buildings", Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build., 16(4), 501-517. https://doi.org/10.1002/tal.413
  47. Soong, T.T. (1990), Active Structural Control: Theory and Practice, John Wiley & Sons Inc.
  48. Spencer, B.F., Dyke, S.J. and Deoskar, H.S. (1998), "Benchmark problems in structural control. I: Active mass driver system, and II: Active tendon system", Earthq. Eng. Struct. D., 27(11), 1127-1147. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-9845(1998110)27:11<1127::AID-EQE774>3.0.CO;2-F
  49. Tamura, Y. and Yoshida, A. (2008), "Amplitude dependency of damping in buildings", Proceedings of the 18th Analysis and Computation Specialty Conference, Vancouver, Canada.
  50. Taylor, D. (2010), "Smart buildings and viscous dampers-a design engineer's perspective", Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build., 19(4), 369-372. https://doi.org/10.1002/tal.621
  51. Yi, F., Dyke, S.J., Caicedo, J.M. and Carlson, J.D. (1999), "Seismic response control using smart dampers", Proceedings of the 1999 American Control Conference (99ACC), IEEE, San Diego, CA, USA, June 2- 4, 1999. DOI: iel5/6343/16963/00783195.
  52. Yuen, K.V. and Kuok, S.C. (2010b), "Modeling of environmental influence in structural health assessment for reinforced concrete buildings", Earthq. Eng. Eng. Vib., 9(2), 295-306. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11803-010-0014-4
  53. Yuen, K.V. and Kuok, S.C. (2010a), "Ambient interference in long-term monitoring of buildings", Eng. Struct., 32(8), 2379-2386. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2010.04.012

Cited by

  1. Analytical study on seismic behavior of proposed hybrid tension-only braced frames vol.26, pp.3, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/tal.1310
  2. The Use of Bracing Systems with MR Dampers in Super Tall Buildings vol.5, pp.1, 2016, https://doi.org/10.21022/IJHRB.2016.5.1.31
  3. Vibration control in wind turbines to achieve desired system-level performance under single and multiple hazard loadings pp.15452255, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1002/stc.2261