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Physicochemical Properties and Antioxidant Activities of Loose-leaf Green Tea Commercially Available in Korea

국내 시판 잎차 형태 녹차의 이화학 특성 및 산화방지 활성

  • Received : 2015.04.20
  • Accepted : 2015.05.26
  • Published : 2015.08.31

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the physicochemical and antioxidant properties of a variety of commonly consumed commercial green tea. Green tea samples with the same commercial name produced at different regions were analyzed. High-grade tea samples showed higher values of lightness (L) and greenness (-a). Additionally, compared to other varieties of teas, high-grade tea samples showed higher levels of catechin, gallocatechin gallate (GCg), epicatechin gallate (ECg), theanine, and methylxanthines and a lower level of epigallocatechin (EGC). The antioxidant activity of green tea was also investigated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) radical assays. High-grade teas were observed to have higher antioxidant activities. The results of this study indicate that the catechin content, such as EGCg, GCg, and ECg levels, was found to positively influence the total antioxidant activity of green tea.

제주, 보성, 하동산 차엽의 우전, 세작, 중작 및 대작 상품명을 쓰고 있는 시판 잎 녹차의 색은 녹차 등급이 높을수록 즉 채엽시기가 빠를수록 L값과 녹색도인 -a값이 높게 나타났으며 제주산 녹차가 보성 및 하동산 녹차에 비해 L값과 b값이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 카테킨 분석 결과 EGC 함량은 차엽 산지에 관계없이 채엽시기가 늦어짐에 따라 유의적으로 증가하였으며, 카테킨, GCg, ECg 함량은 유의적으로 감소하였다. 카테킨류 중 EGCg 함량이 95.39-116.25 mg/g으로 가장 높았으며 특히 보성산 녹차가 다른 지역에 비해 유의적으로 높게 나타났다. 카페인, 테오브로민 및 테아닌 함량은 모든 차엽에서 채엽시기에 따라 유의적으로 감소하는 경향을 보였으며 특히 제주산 우전의 카페인, 테오브로민 및 테아닌 함량은 각각 33.43, 17.84, 20.84 mg/g으로 가장 높게 함유되어 있었다. 산화방지 활성은 측정방법에 상관없이 등급이 높은 우전에서 높게 나타났으며 제주 및 하동산 녹차의 경우 채엽시기가 늦어짐에 따라 유의적으로 감소하였으나 보성산 녹차는 채엽시기에 따라 유의적으로 증가하였다. 녹차의 주요 산화방지 성분인 개별 카테킨 함량과 산화방지 활성과의 상관관계를 분석한 결과 DPPH 활성은 EGCg, ECg 및 총카테킨 함량과 양의 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났으며 ABTS 활성은 EGC 함량과는 음의 상관관계 그리고 카테킨, GCg 및 ECg 함량과는 양의 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림축산식품부

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