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Development of a new brown button mushroom cultivar 'Hogam'

갈색 양송이 신품종 '호감' 육성

  • Oh, Youn-Lee (Department of Biotechnology College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology Korea University) ;
  • Jang, Kab-Yeul (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kong, Won-Sik (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Shin, Pyung-Gyun (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Eun-Seon (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Oh, Min ji (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Choi, In-Geol (Department of Biotechnology College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology Korea University)
  • 오연이 (고려대학교 생명공학과 대학원 생명공학과&BK21플러스) ;
  • 장갑열 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과) ;
  • 공원식 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과) ;
  • 신평균 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과) ;
  • 김은선 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과) ;
  • 오민지 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 버섯과) ;
  • 최인걸 (고려대학교 생명공학과 대학원 생명공학과&BK21플러스)
  • Received : 2015.09.08
  • Accepted : 2015.09.22
  • Published : 2015.09.30

Abstract

A new brown button mushroom cultivar, 'Hogam', C34 line, was made by crossing homokaryons, ASI1164-37 and ASI1175-66, selected by RAPD analysis and by cultivating three times. Mycelium of 'Hogam' on CDA (compost dextrose agar) media grew well at $25^{\circ}C$. The optimum pin-heading temperature of new variety and optimum growing temperature was $14-18^{\circ}C$. The thickness of the mature cap and stipe were thicker than a control, 'Dahyang' that developed in 2010. The color of pileus was light brown and lighter than 'Dahyang'. Days required from casing to first harvesting were three days longer than control strain, but the weight of harvested fruiting body increased by 1.35 times. 'Hogam' cultivar are expected to contribute to the diversification of domestic mushroom cultivars.

Keywords

Agaricus bisporus;Brown button mushroom cultivar;Morphological and cultural characteristics

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