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Measurement of Partial Conductivity of 8YSZ by Hebb-Wagner Polarization Method

  • Lim, Dae-Kwang (Ionics Lab, School of Materials Science and Engineering Chonnam National University) ;
  • Guk, Jae-Geun (Ionics Lab, School of Materials Science and Engineering Chonnam National University) ;
  • Choi, Hyen-Seok (Ionics Lab, School of Materials Science and Engineering Chonnam National University) ;
  • Song, Sun-Ju (Ionics Lab, School of Materials Science and Engineering Chonnam National University)
  • Received : 2015.05.12
  • Accepted : 2015.06.01
  • Published : 2015.09.30

Abstract

The electrolyte is an important component in determining the performance of Fuel Cells. Especially, investigation of the conduction properties of electrolytes plays a key role in determining the performance of the electrolyte. The electrochemical properties of Yttrium stabilized zirconia (YSZ) were measured to allow the use of this material as an electrolyte for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) in the temperature range of $700-1000^{\circ}C$ and in $0.21{\leq}pO_2/atm{\leq}10^{-23}$. A Hebb-Wagner polarization experimental cell was optimally manufactured; here we discuss typical problems associated with making cells. The partial conductivities due to electrons and holes for 8YSZ, which is known as a superior oxygen conductor, were obtained using I-V characteristics based on the Hebb-Wagner polarization method. Activation energies for holes and electrons are $3.99{\pm}0.17eV$ and $1.70{\pm}0.06eV$ respectively. Further, we calculated the oxygen ion conductivity with electron, hole, and total conductivity, which was obtained by DC four probe conductivity measurements. The oxygen ion conductivity was dependent on the temperature; the activation energy was $0.80{\pm}0.10eV$. The electrolyte domain was determined from the top limit, bottom limit, and boundary (p=n) of the oxygen partial pressure. As a result, the electrolyte domain was widely presented in an extensive range of oxygen partial pressures and temperatures.

Keywords

Yttrium stabilized zirconia;Hebb-Wagner ion-blocking method;Electrolytic domain;Partial electronic conductivity

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