한국의 공공기관 클라우드 컴퓨팅 도입 활성화 전략: 미국 연방 공공기관 클라우드 컴퓨팅 도입현황 시사점 및 시스템 개발 수명주기(SDLC) 프로세스 전략을 중심으로

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강상백
Kang, Sang-Baek Chris

  • 투고 : 2015.09.08
  • 심사 : 2015.11.19
  • 발행 : 2015.11.30

초록

그 동안 한국 공공기관에서 클라우드 컴퓨팅 도입은 그다지 활발하지는 않았다. 그 이유중의 한 가지는 한국은 클라우드 컴퓨팅 도입 이전 이미 세계최고 수준의 전자정부를 구축하였고, 정부에서는 클라우드 컴퓨팅을 주관하는 전담 컨트롤 타워와 이를 추진할 수 있게 하는 법령 제도 등이 없었기 때문이라고 할 수 있다. 그러나 이러한 상황은 2015년 9월 클라우드 법이 시행되어 매우 변화될 것으로 전망된다. 미국의 공공기관 클라우드 도입은 FedRAMP(Federal Risk Assessment and Management Program)에서 주도적으로 추진하고 있는데, 이는 미국의 Cloud First 정책과 연계된다. 미국 연방기관의 클라우드 서비스 도입과 관련하여 미국의회조사국(Congressional Research Service; 이하 CRS)에서는 2015년 1월 연방정부의 클라우드 도입과 관련된 보고서를 출간하였고, 이는 한국의 공공기관 클라우드 도입 정책에 좋은 지침이 될 것으로 판단된다. 본고에서는 (1) 한국의 클라우드 법의 중요한 사안을 분석하고 (2) 최근 미국 연방정부의 클라우드 서비스 도입 현황을 분석하며, (3) 시스템 개발 수명주기(SDLC) 기반의 도입 활성화 전략 프레임워크에 대하여 제안하였다.

키워드

클라우드 컴퓨팅;미국 연방정부 클라우드 컴퓨팅 도입;클라우드 컴퓨팅 전략 및 핵심 요인들

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