Component Characteristics of Xanthoceras sorbifolium Seeds for Bioenergy Plant Utilization

Lee, Hyunseok;Yi, Jaeseon;An, Chanhoon;Kim, Minsu;Lee, Jeonghoon

  • 투고 : 2015.10.02
  • 심사 : 2015.10.29
  • 발행 : 2015.11.30


Xanthoceras sorbifolium is considered as bio-energy crops owing to the high oil content from kernel. This study was performed to analyze calorific value, crude ash content, ultimate ratio, crude lipid and fatty acid composition among seed sources. Calorific values ranged from $4,526.0\;cal\;g^{-1}$ to $7,377.2\;cal\;g^{-1}$ in seeds and kernels showed the highest value. Calorific values and crude ash contents were observed as significant difference among plantations and/or individuals (p>0.05). Kernel from SD-F plantation showed the highest calorific value and lower crude ash content. C content comprised 63.4%, the highest levels was detected from SD-F (64.8%). Crude lipid content in kernel observed as 54.5 g $100\;g^{-1}$ from SD-F. In contrast it was determined the lowest value from LN-JARS as 46.5 g $100\;g^{-1}$. The fatty acid composition of kernel was determined to those of oleic acid (31.3%) and linoleic acid (38.1%) from SD-F and LN-JARS. These results will be offered to useful information for breeding materials selection.


bio energy;calorific value;FAME;oil content;Xanthoceras sorbifolium


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