Optimal Design of Blade Shape for 200-kW-Class Horizontal Axis Tidal Current Turbines

200kW급 수평축 조류발전 터빈 블레이드 형상 최적설계

Seo, JiHye;Yi, Jin-Hak;Park, Jin-Soon;Lee, Kwang-Soo

  • Received : 2015.06.08
  • Accepted : 2015.10.22
  • Published : 2015.10.31


Ocean energy is one of the most promising renewable energy resources. In particular, South Korea is one of the countries where it is economically and technically feasible to develop tidal current power plants to use tidal current energy. In this study, based on the design code for HARP_Opt (Horizontal axis rotor performance optimizer) developed by NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) in the United States, and applying the BEMT (Blade element momentum theory) and GA (Genetic algorithm), the optimal shape design and performance evaluation of the horizontal axis rotor for a 200-kW-class tidal current turbine were performed using different numbers of blades (two or three) and a pitch control method (variable pitch or fixed pitch). As a result, the VSFP (Variable Speed Fixed Pitch) turbine with three blades showed the best performance. However, the performances of four different cases did not show significant differences. Hence, it is necessary when selecting the final design to consider the structural integrity related to the fatigue, along with the economic feasibility of manufacturing the blades.


Blade element momentum theory;Genetic algorithm;Horizontal axis tidal current turbines;Optimal design of blade shape;HARP_Opt


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