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Enhanced Biodegradation of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPHs) in Contaminated Soil using Biocatalyst

  • Owen, Jeffrey S. ;
  • Pyo, Sunyeon ;
  • Kang, Guyoung
  • Received : 2015.09.25
  • Accepted : 2015.10.28
  • Published : 2015.10.31

Abstract

Biocatalytic degradation of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) in contaminated soil by hemoglobin and hydrogen peroxide is an effective soil remediation method. This study used a laboratory soil reactor experiment to evaluate the effectiveness of a nonspecific biocatalytic reaction with hemoglobin and H2O2 for treating TPH-contaminated soil. We also quantified changes in the soil microbial community using real-time PCR analysis during the experimental treatment. The results show that the measured rate constant for the reaction with added hemoglobin was 0.051/day, about 3.5 times higher than the constant for the reaction with only H2O2 (0.014/day). After four weeks of treatment, 76% of the initial soil TPH concentration was removed with hemoglobin and hydrogen peroxide treatment. The removal of initial soil TPH concentration was 26% when only hydrogen peroxide was used. The soil microbial community, based on 16S rRNA gene copy number, was higher (7.1 × 106 copy number/g of bacteria, and 7.4 × 105 copy number/g of Archaea, respectively) in the hemoglobin catalyzed treatment. Our results show that TPH treatment in contaminated soil using hemoglobin catalyzed oxidation led to the enhanced removal effectiveness and was non-toxic to the native soil microbial community in the initial soil.

Keywords

Hemoglobin;Hydrogen peroxide;Soil remediation;Total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH);Real time PCR

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Acknowledgement

Grant : 분말헤모글로빈을 이용한 다환방향족 탄화수소 (PAHs) 오염토양 정화기술