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An Analysis on the Deep Geological Disposal Concepts Considering the Spent Fuel Length

사용후핵연료 길이에 따른 심지층 처분시스템 분석

LEE, Jongyoul;KIM, Hyeona;LEE, Minsoo;CHOI, Heuijoo;KIM, Keonyoung
이종열;김현아;이민수;최희주;김건영

  • Received : 2015.02.10
  • Accepted : 2015.07.13
  • Published : 2015.09.30

Abstract

Currently, 23 nuclear power plants are in operation at Kori, Uljin, Younggwang and Wolsong site and a reference deep geological disposal system has been developed for the spent fuels generated by them. The reference spent fuel for this disposal system has 4.5wt% of initial enrichment, 55 GWd/MtU of burn-up, and 40 years of cooling time. In this paper, to improve disposal efficiency and economic feasibility, the characteristics of spent fuels from nuclear power plants, such as type and burn-up, were reviewed. A disposal canister concept for shorter length and relatively lower burn-up spent fuels than the reference spent fuels was developed. Based on this canister concept, thermal analyses were carried out and a deep geological disposal concept was proposed. Measures of disposal efficiency such as unit disposal area and disposal density were compared between this disposal system and the reference disposal system. Also, economic feasibility, such as the volume reduction of copper, cast iron, and bentonite, was analyzed and the results of these analyses showed that the disposal system proposed in this paper has an efficiency of at least 20%. These results could be used for establishing spent fuel management policy and designing practical disposal systems for spent fuels.

Keywords

Spent fuels;Deep geological disposal(DGD) system;Reference spent fuels;Low burn-up;High burn-up;Disposal efficiency

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