- Volume 64 Issue 9
This paper proposes an active islanding detection method for the BESS (Battery Energy Storage System) with 3-phase inverter which is connected to the AC grid. The proposed method adopts the DDSRF (Decoupled Double Synchronous Reference Frame) PLL (Phase Locked-Loop) so that the independent control of positive-sequence and negative-sequence current is successfully carried out using the detected phase angle information. The islanding state can be detected by sensing the variation of negative-sequence voltage at the PCC (Point of Common Connection) due to the injection of 2-3% negative-sequence current from the BESS. The proposed method provides a secure and rapid detection under the variation of negative-sequence voltage due to the sag and swell. The feasibility of proposed method was verified by computer simulations with PSCAD/EMTDC and experimental analyses with 5kW hardware prototype for the benchmark circuit of islanding detection suggested by IEEE 1547 and UL1741. The proposed method would be applicable for the secure detection of islanding state in the grid-tied Microgrid.
BESS(Battery energy storage system);Negative sequence current;Islanding_detection;DDSRF_PLL(Decoupled double synchronous reference frame PLL)