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주요 박과작물의 유전체 및 분자마커 연구 현황

박기림;김나희;박영훈
Park, Girim;Kim, Nahui;Park, Younghoon

  • 투고 : 2015.09.07
  • 심사 : 2015.09.29
  • 발행 : 2015.09.30

초록

수박과 멜론은 경제적 중요성을 지니는 대표적인 박과 작물이다. 최근 유전자 지도 작성 및 차세대 유전체 염기서열 분석에 기반한 분자마커 개발과 염기서열변이 탐색은 마커 이용 선발 및 여교잡 등 분자육종을 통한 품종육성에 필수적 기술이다. 본 연구에서는 이들 작물에 대한 국내외 유전체 분석 과 분자마커 개발 현황에 대해 분석ㆍ정리함으로서 향후 분자육종에 활용할 수 있는 정보를 제공하고자 하였다. 수박과 멜론은 참조유전체의 염기서열이 밝혀졌으며 다수의 유전자 지도가 작성되어 수량, 과특성, 내병성과 같은 주요 형질과 연관된 마커의 개발과 관련 유전자의 탐색이 꾸준히 진행되고 있다. 현재까지 해외에서 보고된 유전자지도는 수박 멜론 각 각 16종 이상이며, 40개 이상의 주요형질에 대한 유전자좌와 연관 마커들이 존재한다. 더욱이 고밀도 유전자 지도와 유전자지도 기반 클로닝을 통해 이러한 형질을 조절하는 기능 유전자에 정보가 밝혀지고 있다. 또한 참조게놈정보를 기반으로 한 다양한 유전자원의 전장유전체염기서열 재분석이 꾸준히 이루어지고 있다. 새로운 분자마커의 자체적 개발과 더불어 이와 같이 현재 활용 가능한 공개된 마커들의 정보를 통해 유전체학 이용 육종과정을 크게 앞당길 수 있을 것이다.

키워드

Breeding;genomics;melon;molecular marker;watermelon

참고문헌

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