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DOI QR Code

Relationship between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in the Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Gene and Fatty Acid Composition in Korean Native Cattle

  • Lee, Jea-young ;
  • Ha, Jae-jung ;
  • Park, Yong-soo ;
  • Yi, Jun-koo ;
  • Lee, Seunguk ;
  • Mun, Seyoung ;
  • Han, Kyudong ;
  • Kim, J.-J. ;
  • Kim, Hyun-Ji ;
  • Oh, Dong-yep
  • Received : 2015.06.10
  • Accepted : 2015.08.24
  • Published : 2016.02.01

Abstract

The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ($PPAR{\gamma}$) gene plays an important role in the biosynthesis process controlled by a number of fatty acid transcription factors. This study investigates the relationships between 130 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the $PPAR{\gamma}$ gene and the fatty acid composition of muscle fat in the commercial population of Korean native cattle. We identified 38 SNPs and verified relationships between 3 SNPs (g.1159-71208 A>G, g.42555-29812 G>A, and g.72362 G>T) and the fatty acid composition of commercial Korean native cattle (n = 513). Cattle with the AA genotype of g.1159-71208 A>G and the GG genotype of g.42555-29812 G>A and g.72362 G>T had higher levels of monounsaturated fatty acids and carcass traits (p<0.05). The results revealed that the 3 identified SNPs in the $PPAR{\gamma}$ gene affected fatty acid composition and carcass traits, suggesting that these 3 SNPs may improve the flavor and quality of beef in commercial Korean native cattle.

Keywords

Korean Native Cattle;$PPAR{\gamma}$;SNP;Fatty Acid Composition;Marbling Score

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Acknowledgement

Grant : BK21플러스

Supported by : 단국대학교(천안캠퍼스)