- Volume 58 Issue 1
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Design Flood Estimation in the Hwangguji River Watershed under Climate and Land Use Changes Scenario
기후변화 및 토지이용변화 시나리오를 고려한 황구지천 유역의 설계홍수량 평가
Kim, Jihye;Park, Jihoon;Song, Jung-Hun;Jun, Sang Min;Kang, Moon Seong
- Received : 2015.01.29
- Accepted : 2016.01.19
- Published : 2016.01.30
Extreme floods occur more often recently as the frequency of extreme storm events increase due to the climate change. Because the extreme flood exceeding the design flood can cause large-scale disasters, it is important to predict and prepare for the future extreme flood. Flood flow is affected by two main factors; rainfall and land use. To predict the future extreme flood, both changes in rainfall due to the climate change and land use should be considered. The objective of this study was to simulate the future design flood in the Hwangguji river watershed, South Korea. The climate and land use change scenarios were derived from the representative concentration pathways (RCP) 4.5 and 8.5 scenarios. Conversion of land use and its effects (CLUE) and hydrologic modelling system (HEC-HMS) models were used to simulate the land use change and design flood, respectively. Design floods of 100-year and 200-year for 2040, 2070, and 2100 under the RCP4.5 and 8.5 scenarios were calculated and analyzed. The land use change simulation described that the urban area would increase, while forest would decrease from 2010 to 2100 for both the RCP4.5 and 8.5 scenarios. The overall changes in design floods from 2010 to 2100 were similar to those of probable rainfalls. However, the impact of land use change on design flood was negligible because the increase rate of probable rainfall was much larger than that of curve number (CN) and impervious area.
Climate change;land use change;RCP scenarios;design flood;CLUE;HEC-HMS
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Supported by : 한국연구재단