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The Effect of the Supervisor's Transformational Leadership on Employees' Work Engagement : Focusing on the Mediating Effects of Psychological Contract Breach and Organizational Anomie

변혁적 리더십이 직무열의에 미치는 영향: 심리적 계약 위반과 조직아노미의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • 배채윤 (서울과학종합대학원대학교) ;
  • 신제구 (서울과학종합대학원대학교)
  • Received : 2016.10.04
  • Accepted : 2016.10.24
  • Published : 2016.11.28

Abstract

The goal of this study was to verify that effectiveness of transformational leadership in impacting work engagement with the psychological contract breach among members of the organization and organizational anomie as mediating factors. The mediating effect of psychological contract breach and organizational anomie on the relationship between transformational leadership and work engagement was explored using a theoretical approach based on Social Exchange Theory, Social Information Processing Model and Job Demands- Resources Model. To avoid common method bias, the dependent variable was surveyed using employee peer review. 277 surveys were collected from 18 companies in diverse industries including manufacturing, distribution, and finance. The results of the analysis showed that transformational leadership has a significant positive effect on employees' work engagement, while having a significant negative effect on psychological contract breach and organizational anomie. In addition, psychological contract breach and organizational anomie were found to act as partial mediators in the relationship between transformational leadership and employees' work engagement. Overall, this study showed that if leaders at organizations can assist employees to overcome negative factors such as psychological contract breach and organizational anomie through transformational leadership, it is possible to improve employees' work engagement.

Keywords

Transformational Leadership;Psychological Contract Breach;Organizational Anomie;Work Engagement

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 서울과학종합대학원대학교

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