- Volume 16 Issue 1
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Multilevel Analysis Study on Determinants of Career Commitment among Social Workers
사회복지사의 경력몰입 결정요인에 대한 다층분석연구
- Received : 2015.10.26
- Accepted : 2015.11.14
- Published : 2016.01.28
Based on the premise that a systematic career process was one of the essential elements of successful task performance both for individuals and the organization in the field of social welfare, this study set out to empirically analyze factors influencing the career commitment of social workers at a multidimensional level and provide practical implications for the directionality of career management on the basis of data with theoretical and statistical accuracy. For those purposes, the study collected individual and organizational characteristics data from 787 social workers at 46 agencies through a structured questionnaire and analyzed influential factors through the multilevel analysis technique by taking organizational effects into account. The analysis results show that explanations by the organization characteristics recorded significant 15% in the total variance of career commitment and that its influential factors included such significant variables as the protean career attitude, desire for growth, human network, and self-efficacy at the individual level and also the qualification compensation system at the organizational level. The study then proposed and discussed integrated practice strategies between individuals and agencies as the measures to promote career success through the activation of individual factors based on the consideration of organizational effects such as the application of an employee assistant program, provision of incentives to professional career development, and shift to a learning organization.
Career Commitment;Multilevel Analysis;Protean Career Attitude;Desire for Growth;Human Network;Self-efficacy;Employee Assistance Program;Learning Organization
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