DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Formation of Ti3SiC2 Interphase of SiC Fiber by Electrophoretic Deposition Method

Lee, Hyeon-Geun;Kim, Daejong;Jeong, Yeon Su;Park, Ji Yeon;Kim, Weon-Ju

  • Received : 2015.08.26
  • Accepted : 2015.11.27
  • Published : 2016.01.31

Abstract

Due to its stability at high temperature and its layered structure, $Ti_3SiC_2$ MAX phase was considered to the interphase of $SiC_f/SiC$ composite. In this study, $Ti_3SiC_2$ MAX phase powder was deposited on SiC fiber via the electrophoretic deposition (EPD) method. The Zeta potential of the $Ti_3SiC_2$ suspension with and without polyethyleneimine as a dispersant was measured to determine the conditions of the EPD experiments. Using a suspension with 0.03 wt.% ball milled $Ti_3SiC_2$ powder and 0.3 wt.% PEI, $Ti_3SiC_2$ MAX phase was successfully coated on SiC fiber with an EPD voltage of 10 V for 2 h. Most of the coated $Ti_3SiC_2$ powders are composed of spherical particles. Part of the $Ti_3SiC_2$ powders that are platelet shaped are oriented parallel to the SiC fiber surface. From these results we expect that $Ti_3SiC_2$ can be applied to the interphase of $SiC_f/SiC$ composites.

Keywords

Interphase;MAX phase;SiC fiber;EPD;$Ti_3SiC_2$

References

  1. P. Baldus, M. Jansen, and D. Sporn, "Ceramic Fibers for Matrix Composites in High Temperature Engine Applications," Science, 285 699-703 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.285.5428.699
  2. B. Riccardi, L. Giancarli, A. Hasegawa, Y. Katoh, A. Kohyama, R. H. Jones, and L. L. Snead, "Issues and Advances in $SiC_f$/SiC Composites Development for Fusion Reactors," J. Nucl. Mater., 329 [333] 56-65 (2004).
  3. R. Naslain, "Design, Preparation and Properties of Non-Oxide CMCs for Application in Engines and Nuclear Reactors: an Overview," Compos. Sci. Technol., 64 [2] 155-70 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(03)00230-6
  4. A. G. Evans and D. B. Marshall, "The Mechanical Behavior of Ceramic Matrix Composites," Acta Metall., 37 [10] 2567-83 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(89)90291-5
  5. R. J. Kerans, R. S. Hay, N. J. Pagano, and T. A. Parthasarathy, "The Role of the Fiber-Matrix Interface in Ceramic Matrix Composites," Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull., 68 [2] 429-42 (1988).
  6. R. Naslain, "The Design of the Fibre-matrix Interfacial Zone in Ceramic Matrix Composites," Compos. A, 29A 1145-55 (1998).
  7. R. Naslain, "Fibre-Matrix Interphases and Interfaces in Ceramic Matrix Composites Processed by CVI," Compos. Interface, 1 253-86 (1993).
  8. Y. Kagawa, "Two Approaches for Interface Design of Continuous Fiber Ceramic Matrix Composites," Ceram. Trans., 99 179-85 (1998).
  9. C. Lorrette, P. Weisbecker, S. Jacques, and R. Pailler, "Deposition and Characterization of Hex-BN Coating on Carbon Fibers using Tris(dimethylamino)borane Precursor," J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 27 2737-43 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2006.10.010
  10. A. Udayakumar, P. M. Raole, and M. Balasubramanian, "Synthesis of Tailored 2D $SiC_f$/SiC Ceramic Matrix Composites with BN/C Interphase Through ICVI," J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 31 1145-53 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2010.12.018
  11. A. Ivekovic, S. Novak, G. Drazic, D. Blagoeva, and V. S. Gonzalez, "Current Status and Prospects of $SiC_f$/SiC for Fusion Structural Applications," J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 33 1577-89 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2013.02.013
  12. M. W. Barsoum, "The $M_{N+1}AX_N$ Phases: A New Class of Solids; Thermodynamically Stable Nanolaminates," Prog. Solid State Chem., 28 201-81 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6786(00)00006-6
  13. M. W. Barsoum and T. El-Raghy, "Synthesis and Characterization of a Remarkable Ceramic: $Ti_3SiC_2$," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 79 1953-56 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1151-2916.1996.tb08018.x
  14. M. W. Barsoum and T. El-Raghy, "The MAX Phases: Unique New Carbide and Nitride Materials," Am. Sci., 89 [4] 334-43 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1511/2001.28.736
  15. T. El-Raghy, A. Zavaliangos, M. W. Barsoum, and S. R. Kalidindi, "Damage Mechanisms around Hardness Indentations in $Ti_3SiC_2$," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 80 513-16 (1997).
  16. J. M. Molina-Aldareguia, J. Emmerlich, J.-P. Palmquist, U. Jansson, and L. Hultman, "Kink Formation around Indents in Laminated $Ti_3SiC_2$ Thin Films Studied in the Nanoscale," Scr. Mater., 49 [2] 155-60 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-6462(03)00214-8
  17. J. Emmerlich, H. Hogberg, S. Sasvari, P. O. A. Persson, L. Hultman, J. -P. Palmquist, U. Jansson, J. M. Molina-Aldareguia, and Z. Czigany, "Growth of $Ti_3SiC_2$ Thin Films by Elemental Target magnetron sputtering," J. Appl. Phys. 96 [9] 4817-26 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1790571
  18. C. Racault, F. Langlais, R. Naslain, and Y. Kihn, "On the Chemical Vapor Deposition of $Ti_3SiC_2$ from TiCl4-SiCl4-CH4-H2 Gas Mixture - Part II An Experimental Approach," J. Mater. Sci., 29 [15] 3941-48 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00355952
  19. S. Jacques, H. Di-Murro, M.-P. Berthet, and H. Vincent, "Pulsed Reactive Chemical Vapor Deposition in the C-Ti-Si System from H2/TiCl4/SiCl4," Thin Solid Films, 478 [1-2] 13-20 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2004.09.043
  20. E. Pickering, W. J. Lackey, and S. Crain, "CVD of $Ti_3SiC_2$," Chem. Vap. Deposition, 6 [6] 289-95 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3862(200011)6:6<289::AID-CVDE289>3.0.CO;2-4
  21. H. Fakih, S. Jacques, M. -P. Berthet, F. Bosselet, O. Dezellus, and J.-C. Viala, "The Growth of $Ti_3SiC_2$ Coatings onto SiC by Reactive Chemical Vapor Deposition using $H_2$ and $TiCl_4$," Surf. Coat. Technol., 201 3748-55 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2006.09.040
  22. S. Novak, K. Rade, K. Konig, and A. R. Boccaccini, "Electrophoretic Deposition in the Production of SiC/SiC Composites for Fusion Reactor Applications," J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 28 2801-7 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2008.04.004
  23. A. Ivekovic, G. Drazic, and S. Novak, "Densification of a SiC-matrix by Electrophoretic Deposition and Polymer Infiltration and Pyrolysis Process," J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 31 833-40 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2010.11.021
  24. K. Yoshida, K. Matsukawa, M. Imai, and T. Yano, "Formation of Carbon Coating on SiC Fiber for Two-Dimensional $SiC_f$/SiC Composites by Electrophoretic Deposition," Mater. Sci. Eng. B, 161 188-92 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mseb.2008.11.032
  25. K. Yoshida, Y. Aoyagi, H. Akimoto, T. Yano, M. Kotani, and T. Ogasawara, "Interfacial Control of Uni-directional $SiC_f$/SiC Composites Based on Electrophoretic Deposition and Their Mechanical Properties," Compos. Sci. Technol., 72 1665-70 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2012.07.004
  26. K. Yoshida, K. Matsukawa, and T. Yano, "Microstructural and Mechanical Properties of Silicon Carbide Fiber-reinforced Silicon Carbide Composite Fabricated by Electrophoretic Deposition and Hot-Pressing," J. Nucl. Mater., 386-88 643-46 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2008.12.314
  27. I. Filbert-Demut, N. Travitzky, G. Mots, I. Zhitomirsky, and P. Greil, "Polymer Derived Ceramics Reinforced with $Ti_3SiC_2$ Coated SiC Fibers: A Feasibility Study," Mater. Lett., 145 229-31 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2015.01.128
  28. M. Mishra, Y. Sakka, C. Hu, T. S. Suzuki, T. Uchikoshi, and L. Besra, "Electrophoretic Deposition of $Ti_3SiC_2$ and Texture Development in a Strong Magnetic Field," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 95 [9] 2857-62 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2012.05296.x
  29. F. Tang, T. Uchikoshi, K. Ozawa, and Y. Sakka, "Effect of Polyethylenimine on the Dispersion and Electrophoretic Deposition of Nano-Sized Titania Aqueous Suspensions," J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 26 [9] 1155-60 (2006).
  30. A. G. Evans and F. W. Zok, "The Physics and Mechanics of Fibre-Reinforced Brittle Matrix Compoistes," J. Mater. Sci., 29 3857-96 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00355946
  31. A. Noviyanto and D.-H. Yoon, "Effects of Hot Pressing Condition on the Properties of $SiC_f$/SiC Composites," J. Korean Ceram. Soc., 48 [5] 335-41 (2011). https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2011.48.5.335

Cited by

  1. Low Pressure Joining of SiCf/SiC Composites Using Ti3AlC2 or Ti3SiC2 MAX Phase Tape vol.54, pp.4, 2017, https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2017.54.4.08
  2. /SiC composite by electrophoretic deposition pp.1546542X, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1111/ijac.12804

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)