Youth Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurial Intention: Focusing on the Moderating Effect of Scholastic Performance

청소년의 기업가정신이 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 학업성적의 조절효과를 중심으로

  • Choi, Yong-seok (Department of Logistics, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Lee, Jae-eun (Division of Business and Commerce, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Kang, Ji-won (Division of Business and Commerce, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Kim, Sun-gu (Sunchon National University Business Support Foundation) ;
  • Han, Ga-rok (Sunchon National University Business Support Foundation)
  • 최용석 (순천대학교 물류학과) ;
  • 이재은 (순천대학교 경상학부 무역학전공) ;
  • 강지원 (순천대학교 경상학부 무역학전공) ;
  • 김선구 (순천대학교 창업지원단) ;
  • 한가록 (순천대학교 창업지원단)
  • Received : 2016.07.07
  • Accepted : 2016.09.30
  • Published : 2016.10.31

Abstract

This paper examined the effects of youth entrepreneurship on entrepreneurial intention. Especially, we considered scholastic performance as a moderator on the relationship between youth entrepreneurship and their entrepreneurial intention. An empirical analysis on 251 students attending their third year of Suncheon High School revealed the following results. First, the youth entrepreneurship(risk taking, innovativeness and proactiveness) significantly positive affected entrepreneurial intention. The result corresponds to what many preceding studies emphasize, implying that when risk taking, which enables perseverance through uncertain situations, increases; innovativeness, which enables breaking away from existing frameworks, increases; and proactiveness, which creates new opportunities through future-oriented behavior, increase, the entrepreneurial intention of teenagers also increases. Second, a review of the interaction effect of scholastic performance discovered evidence that scholastic performance moderates the relationship between proactiveness and entrepreneurial intention of youth toward a negative(-) direction. In other words, proactiveness positively effects on entrepreneurial intention, but higher scholastic performance imply that such positive tendencies become weakened. The results of the present study will be able to provide significant theoretical and practical implications in carrying out follow-up studies on the youth entrepreneurship, which has been, up to now, relatively neglected.

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