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The Effect of Oral Health Index and Dental Prosthesis Needs on Oral Health Related Quality of Life in Korean Elderly

한국 노인의 구강보건지수와 치과보철물 필요도가 구강건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향

Lee, Hee-Sung;Kim, Han-Gon
이희성;김한곤

  • Received : 2015.10.05
  • Accepted : 2016.01.05
  • Published : 2016.01.31

Abstract

This study examined the oral health-related quality of life of the elderly using the oral health index and dental prosthesis status, and explored methods to improve the oral health status. The data collected from 'The fifth Korean national health and nutrition examination survey 2010' were analyzed. The subjects were 2273 elderly people, aged 65 years or older, who had completed an oral examination, health questionnaires and nutrition examination. Statistical analysis was done using the SPSS 22.0 for Windows. Frequency analysis, multiple regression analysis and structural equation model were used for statistical analysis. The general characteristics, oral health index and dental prosthesis showed differences in the subjective oral health status associated with as age, ST, FS-T, T-Health, maxillary crown needs, maxillary denture needs, mandibular denture needs, chewing status associated with the income level, FS-T, maxillary crown needs, maxillary denture needs, mandibular denture needs, speaking status associated with the ST, T-Health, maxillary implant status, and maxillary denture needs. In conclusion, both the oral health index and dental prosthesis needs affect the oral health related quality of life of the elderly. Governments should implement a variety of oral health programs and dental prosthesis policies to improve the quality of life related oral health of the elderly.

Keywords

Oral health index;Dental prosthesis status;Oral health related quality of life

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