일본의 재해복지와 지역사회의 대응방안

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박정란
Park, Jung-Ran

  • 투고 : 2015.11.18
  • 심사 : 2016.01.05
  • 발행 : 2016.01.31

초록

본 연구는 일본의 재해복지 동향과 실천경험을 특히 지역사회의 대응이란 관점에서 검토한 것이다. 본 연구는 다음과 같이 일본의 재해복지 경험과 과제를 정리하였다. 첫째, 지원 네트워크 구축과 연계로 재해시 행정과의 연계, 사회복지기관 간의 연계, 주민과의 연계는 정확한 상황과 욕구의 파악, 자원개발 등에 필수적이다. 특히 초기 개입을 위한 DWAT의 구성이 제기되었다. 둘째, 맨파워 문제로 유사시를 대비한 인력파견의 체제가 마련되어야 한다는 것과 광역지원의 필요성이 제기되었다. 셋째, 재해시 심리치료적인 개입은 필요도에서 전문직 간의 합의율이 낮았다. 넷째, 재해복지 실천과정에서 프라이버시 보호가 재해지원과 양립될 수 있도록 가이드라인을 만들 필요가 있다.

키워드

Community Support network;Disaster Welfare;DWAT;Manpower Support system for disaster;Personal Information Protection;Psychological treatment

참고문헌

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과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 인제대학교